Many urban areas in the Eastern United States have been classified to be in non-attainment for ozone, placing a high priority on finding cost-effective emission control measures for improving ambient ozone air quality. Recognizing the complexities associated with the nation’s ozone non-attainment problem, the 1990 Clean Air Amendments mandated the use of grid-based photochemical models for evaluating emission control strategies in urban areas having a serious or higher designation. Given the influx of elevated concentrations of ozone and its precursors into the urban-scale modeling domains (regional-scale transport), many states in the Eastern U.S. were unable to demonstrate ozone attainment for urban areas in their 1994 State Implementation Plans (SIPs) submittal using the urban-scale models. The 1994 SIPs were based on the UAM-IV photochemical model (Morris et al., 1990), which is an urban-scale model that reflects the state-of-science of the late 1980’s. Systems Applications International (SAI) recently developed the UAM-V, a regional-scale ozone air quality model, which contains some new features over the UAM-IV such as multi-scale modeling capability, grid nesting, plume-in-grid (PiG) treatment for point sources, etc. (SAI, 1995). Of particular interest is this model’s treatment of subgrid-scale processes relating to the transport, transformation, and interaction of elevated plumes with the ground-level plume.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Integrating Observations and Modeling in Ozone Management Efforts
S. Trivikrama Rao
Igor G. Zurbenko
P. Steven Porter
D. Alan Hansen
- Springer US