We address the problem of interactive facial feature localization from a single image. Our goal is to obtain an accurate segmentation of facial features on high-resolution images under a variety of pose, expression, and lighting conditions. Although there has been significant work in facial feature localization, we are addressing a new application area, namely to facilitate intelligent high-quality editing of portraits, that brings requirements not met by existing methods. We propose an improvement to the Active Shape Model that allows for greater independence among the facial components and improves on the appearance fitting step by introducing a Viterbi optimization process that operates along the facial contours. Despite the improvements, we do not expect perfect results in all cases. We therefore introduce an interaction model whereby a user can efficiently guide the algorithm towards a precise solution. We introduce the Helen Facial Feature Dataset consisting of annotated portrait images gathered from Flickr that are more diverse and challenging than currently existing datasets. We present experiments that compare our automatic method to published results, and also a quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of our interactive method.
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- Interactive Facial Feature Localization
Thomas S. Huang
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg