Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen

2022 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

International students in higher education: Intentions to leave the host country after graduation

verfasst von: Theresa Thies

Erschienen in: Regionale Mobilität und Hochschulbildung

Verlag: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden

share
TEILEN

Abstract

In the light of an increasing need for skilled labor in Germany, this paper examines whether international students with third-country citizenship (non-EU/EFTA) differ from students with EU/EFTA citizenship in their intentions to leave Germany after graduation. Such differences are expected, as international students from third countries often originate from regions with lower economic development as well as lower political and societal security. Further, individual financial or security considerations could explain potential differences in their intentions to leave. The question is answered using data from a Germany-wide survey of international bachelor’s and master’s students. The study shows that students with third-country citizenship do not differ from students with EU/EFTA citizenship in their intentions to leave. However, third-country nationals indicate less often that they are uncertain about leaving Germany. Although characteristics of the home countries mostly do not influence return migration intentions, students who came to Germany in order to live in safety within a peaceful environment report lower intentions to leave Germany after graduation.
Anhänge
Nur mit Berechtigung zugänglich
Fußnoten
1
Individuals are defined as third-country nationals if they are not citizens of an EU-28 or an EFTA country (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland). This study focuses on EU-28 countries (including the United Kingdom, as the data were collected in 2017 and 2018 when the United Kingdom was still a member of the EU).
 
2
An exception is Bratsberg (1995), who includes the civil rights index in his estimation.
 
3
The project, supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, has the funding code 01PX16016B. Responsibility for the contents of this publication rests with the author.
 
4
As the data are clustered by country of first nationality, the variable third country is a higher-level unit characteristic.
 
5
\( N\,=\,1 + 3{\text{*\;}}\frac{{Pmax - P}}{{Pmax - Pmin}} \)
N = Grade point average in the German system; P = Grade point average awarded in home country/Studienkolleg; Pmax = Upper benchmark home country/Studienkolleg; Pmin = Lower benchmark home country/Studienkolleg.
 
6
Prospective international students whose university entrance qualification is not recognized in Germany must attend a German Studienkolleg for two semesters. At the Studienkolleg, they receive a German university entrance qualification if they pass an assessment test.
 
7
In the following, confounding variables are always controlled for, even if not expressly stated in each interpretation.
 
8
Results of the robustness checks are available upon request.
 
9
In Germany, refugees are allowed to study at a university.
 
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Dustmann, C., & Glitz, A. (2011). Migration and education. In E. Hanushek, Stephen Machin, & L. Woessmann (eds.), Handbook of the economics of education (vol. 4, pp. 327–439). Elsevier. Dustmann, C., & Glitz, A. (2011). Migration and education. In E. Hanushek, Stephen Machin, & L. Woessmann (eds.), Handbook of the economics of education (vol. 4, pp. 327–439). Elsevier.
Zurück zum Zitat Kley, S. (2009). Migration im Lebensverlauf: Der Einfluss von Lebensbedingungen und Lebenslaufereignissen auf den Wohnortwechsel. VS Verlag. Kley, S. (2009). Migration im Lebensverlauf: Der Einfluss von Lebensbedingungen und Lebenslaufereignissen auf den Wohnortwechsel. VS Verlag.
Zurück zum Zitat Kühnel, S. M., & Krebs, D. (2010). Multinomiale und ordinale Regression. In C. Wolf & H. Best (eds.), Handbuch der sozialwissenschaftlichen Datenanalyse (pp. 855–886). VS Verlag. CrossRef Kühnel, S. M., & Krebs, D. (2010). Multinomiale und ordinale Regression. In C. Wolf & H. Best (eds.), Handbuch der sozialwissenschaftlichen Datenanalyse (pp. 855–886). VS Verlag. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rabe-Hesketh, S., & Skrondal, A. (2012). Multilevel and longitudinal modeling using stata: vol. 2. Categorical responses, counts, and survival (3rd ed.). StataCorp LP. Rabe-Hesketh, S., & Skrondal, A. (2012). Multilevel and longitudinal modeling using stata: vol. 2. Categorical responses, counts, and survival (3rd ed.). StataCorp LP.
Zurück zum Zitat Rech, J. (2012). Studienerfolg ausländischer Studierender: Eine empirische Analyse im Kontext der Internationalisierung der deutschen Hochschulen. Waxmann. Rech, J. (2012). Studienerfolg ausländischer Studierender: Eine empirische Analyse im Kontext der Internationalisierung der deutschen Hochschulen. Waxmann.
Zurück zum Zitat Rosenzweig, M. R. (2006). Global wage differences and international student flows. In M. R. Rosenzweig, S. M. Collins, & C. Graham (eds.), Brooking trade forum 2006. Global labor markets? (pp. 57–96). Brookings Institution Press. Rosenzweig, M. R. (2006). Global wage differences and international student flows. In M. R. Rosenzweig, S. M. Collins, & C. Graham (eds.), Brooking trade forum 2006. Global labor markets? (pp. 57–96). Brookings Institution Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Seibert, H., & Wapler, R. (2020). Einwanderung nach Deutschland: Viele Hochqualifizierte, aber auch viele Ungelernte. (IAB-Kurzbericht 08/2020). Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung. Seibert, H., & Wapler, R. (2020). Einwanderung nach Deutschland: Viele Hochqualifizierte, aber auch viele Ungelernte. (IAB-Kurzbericht 08/2020). Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung.
Zurück zum Zitat Snijders, T. A. B., & Bosker, R. J. (2012). Multilevel analysis: An introduction to basic and advanced multilevel modeling (2nd ed.). Sage. Snijders, T. A. B., & Bosker, R. J. (2012). Multilevel analysis: An introduction to basic and advanced multilevel modeling (2nd ed.). Sage.
Metadaten
Titel
International students in higher education: Intentions to leave the host country after graduation
verfasst von
Theresa Thies
Copyright-Jahr
2022
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-36156-3_6

Stellenausschreibungen

Anzeige

Premium Partner