Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter argues that while analyses of conflict and mediation increasingly see conflict as inherent in all political systems, contemporary peace building approaches typically treat conflict as contingent, assuming that it can be resolved through the creation of effective political and economic structures. Contemporary peace building typically follows a hybrid approach, where major state institutions are developed by large powerful actors such as the UN, with little consultation or participation, while the creation of mechanisms for participation is left to much weaker actors, such as NGOs. Thus, the primary focus is on the creation of institutions by powerful actors, using "best practice" templates, with little local input, while participation is deferred and devolved onto weaker actors. While conflict transformation strategies have been a positive step in encouraging participation, and have begun to receive greater attention and funding, they also tend to gravitate to templates and focus on transforming a single conflict, rather than building ongoing mechanisms to resolve conflict. The chapter suggests greater attention be paid to the inherency of conflict, in particular calling for analysis to focus on the full conflict cycle, rather than only the peace building phase, and on employing that analysis in the development of permanent mechanisms for managing conflict.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Aspinall, Edward. 2007. The Construction of Grievance: Natural Resources and Identity in a Separatist Conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution 51 (6): 950–972.
Azar, Edward. 1986. Protracted International Conflicts: Ten Propositions. In International Conflict Resolution: Theory and Practice, ed. Edward Azar and John Burton. Brighton: Wheatsheaf Books.
Azar, Edward. 1990. The Management of Protracted Social Conflict: Theory and Cases. Aldershot: Dartmouth Publishing.
Bercovitch, Jacob, Victor Kremenyuk, and I. William Zartman (eds.). 2009. The Sage Handbook of Conflict of Conflict Resolution. Los Angeles: Sage.
Collier, Paul, and Anke Hoeffler. 1998. On Economic Causes of Civil War. Oxford Economic Papers 50 (October): 563–573.
Darby, John. 2001. The Effects of Violence on Peace Processes. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace.
Derouen, Karl, Jr., Jacob Bercovitch, and Wei Jun. 2009. Duration of Peace and Recurring Civil Wars in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Civil Wars 11 (2): 103–120.
Eckstein, Harry. 1980. Theoretical Approaches to Explaining Collective Political Violence. In Handbook of Political Conflict: Theory and Research, ed. Ted Robert Gurr. New York: Free Press.
Esman, Milton. 1994. Ethnic Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University.
Fearon, James D. 2005. Primary Commodity Exports and Civil War. Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 (4): 483–507.
Galtung, Johann. 1995. Conflict Resolution as Conflict Transformation: The First Law of Thermodynamics Revisited. In Conflict Transformation, ed. Kumar Rupesinghe, 51–64. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Macmillan. CrossRef
Gurr, Ted Robert. 2000. Peoples Versus States. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace.
Hill, Matthew Alan. 2010. International Actors and Democratisation: Can USAID Deliver a Democratic Culture to Afghanistan? International Relations 24 (2): 155–174.
Jenkins, Rob. 2013. Peacebuilding: From Concept to Commission. London and New York: Routledge. CrossRef
Lederach, Paul. 1997. Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace.
Le Sage, Andre. 2004. Engaging the Political Economy of Conflict: Towards a Radical Humanitarianism. Civil Wars 7 (1) Spring, 27–55.
Mosca, Gaetano. 1939 [o.d. 1896]. The Ruling Class: Elementi di Scienza Politica, trans. Hannah Kahn, ed. Arthur Livingston. New York, Toronto, and London: McGraw-Hill.
Nardin, Terry. 1980. Theory and Practice in Conflict Research. In Handbook of Political Conflict: Theory and Research, ed. Ted Robert Gurr. New York: Free Press.
Ockey, James. 2014. Dissolving Colours? Reconciliation in Thailand, Bercovitch Data Centre for Conflict Mediation and Peace-Building. Working Paper No. 1, 15 August.
Paffenholz, Thania. 2014. International Peacebuilding Goes Local: Analyzing Lederach’s Conflict Transformation Theory and Its Ambivalent Encounter with 20 Years of Practice. Peacebuilding 2 (1):11–27.
Pareto, Vilfredo. 1963 [o.d. 1916]. Mind and Society: A Treatise on General Sociology, trans. Andrew Bongiorno and Arthur Livingston, ed. Arthur Livingston. New York: Dover.
Paris, Roland. 2004. At War’s End: Building Peace After Civil Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Paris, Roland. 2012. Saving Liberal Peacebuilding. In When War Ends: Building Peace in Divided Communities, ed. David J. Francis. Surrey: Ashgate.
Rabsbotham, Oliver, Tom Woodhouse, and Hugh Miall. 2005. Contemporary Conflict Resolution, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Polity Press.
von Lipsey, Roderick. 1997. Breaking the Cycle: A Framework for Conflict Intervention. London: Macmillan.
- Introduction: From Conflict to Enduring Peace
- Chapter 1
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta