Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This book explains various phenomena and mechanisms that induce vibrations in rotating machinery, based on theory and field experiences (Chaps. 1–12 in volume 1). It also provides guidance in undertaking diagnosis and implementing effective countermeasures against various vibration problems in the field (in volume 2). Consequently, volume 1 is intended mainly for beginners and students, while volume 2 is mainly for design engineers and practitioners. This chapter of volume 1 emphasizes the subtlety of vibration problems in rotating machinery and the importance of reliable technologies that help to stabilize and reduce vibrations. It also outlines a wide variety of rotating machinery, vibration problems found in the field, and mathematical approaches to analyze vibration problems. In high-speed rotating machinery, the steady rotating state corresponds to a stationary equilibrium condition with a high rotational energy. Vibration brings the machine into a “dynamic” state. If the rotating system becomes unstable in the dynamic state, resulting in self-excited vibration, the machine enters a very dangerous operational condition. Since the energy source of self-excited vibration in a rotating system is provided by the spin of the rotor, the only way to avoid this dangerous situation is to stop the energy source, for example, by shutting down the power source in the case of a motor driven system. Vibrations caused by an external force, unless kept small enough, may also lead to a serious problems through contact between the rotor and the stationary part (stator).
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