Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The entrepreneurial view is highly westernised, which probably reflects the traditional schools related to Entrepreneurship. Reading an increasing number of books in this field one would think that there is no entrepreneurship beyond the West. It is really not enough to say that different cultures provide different contexts for entrepreneurship, as this would also be too simplified. In fact, entrepreneurial activities are booming in the so-called ‘second or third world’—particularly those economies that are going through transition. However, transition country conditions, including the role of governments and entire institutional contexts, increasingly differ from the western environment. This book, as well as the REDETE conference itself, is an attempt to contribute a better understanding of entrepreneurship in transition economies. According to Stiglitz (1999) the last century has been marked by two great economic experiments. The first one was the outcome of the Soviet Union that started in 1917, and the second was the moving back from centrally planned economies, in which state ownership prevailed, to a market economy where private ownership prevails. Simply put, the process of transition is defined as a manner of moving from a centrally planned to a market oriented economy. A more precise definition is the “reform process in countries that have made the decision to move from a planned socialist system to a private market economy, one in which private ownership predominates and most resources are allocated through markets” (Fischer and Gelb 1991). According to the IMF (2000) and some authors (Fischer and Gelb 1991; Havrylyshyn and Wolf 1999; Žarković 2012) the main aspects of the transition process which more or less prevail in all transition countries are: (1) Liberalization, (2) Macroeconomic stabilization, (3) Privatization and (4) Legal and institutional reforms.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Fischer, S., & Gelb, A. (1991). The process of socialist economic transformation. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5(4), 91–105. CrossRef
Havrylyshyn, O., & Wolf, T. (1999). Determinants of growth in transition countries. IMF Finance and Development, 36(2), 12–15.
International Monetary Fund. (2000). Transition economies: An IMF perspective on progress and prospects (Issue Briefs 00/08).
Kolodko, G. W. (1999). Transition to a market economy and sustained growth: Implications for the post-Washington consensus. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 32, 233–261. CrossRef
North, D. (1990). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Stiglitz, J. (1999, April 28–30). Whiter reform, ten years of the transition. Key Note Address-World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics, Washington, DC.
Todaro, P. M., & Smith, C. S. (2009). Economic development. Essex: Pearson Education.
Žarković, V. (2012). Privatizacija u Centralnoj i Istocnoj Evropi. Banja Luka: Ekonomski fakultet.
- Introduction to “Economic Development and Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies”
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta