Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Interpretation in philosophy and in law is a venerable topic, older than two millennia. In spite of the arguments exchanged by philosophers and jurists alike during those millennia, not all the issues related to ‘interpretation’ could be settled definitively. In law, from the nineteenth century onwards, and with the advancement of modern civil codes in municipal law of continental Europe, the topic of ‘interpretation’ has received renewed consideration (Koskenniemi 2001). Initially, general rules of interpretation were laid down in the nineteenth century following Roman law ideas. As national laws evolved and diversified, ideas about legal interpretation also evolved, so in the twentieth century legal scholars were able to provide a more nuanced picture of the concept of ‘interpretation’ (Pound 1923; Curtis 1949). Meanwhile, on the international arena, several developments have made even more visible the potential of ‘legal interpretation’ to operate as one of the cornerstones of the international legal system. Thus, after the end of World War II, a complex array of international organisations was created, and numerous treaties were adopted. Later, after the end of the Cold War and with the advancement of a globalised world, characterised by a pluralistic legal order, this picture complicated further as the number of international judicial bodies, and the treaties that they were entrusted with, multiplied apace. It is not surprising then that, in this intellectual milieu, one of the problematic topics of international law, especially in the past two decades, has been whether the multiplication of international judicial bodies leads to the fragmentation of international law. Accordingly, the topic of treaty interpretation has received in the last decade a great deal of attention, especially in relation to the issues of the possible fragmentation of international law that may result from the proliferation of international adjudication fora. Thus, how treaty interpretation is undertaken by international judicial bodies, especially by specialised adjudicatory bodies, is perceived in the scholarship as one of the most salient topics of international law.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Bjorge, E. (2014). The evolutionary interpreation of treaties. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Cannizzaro, E., & Arsanjani, M. H. (2011). The law of treaties beyond the Vienna convention. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Carozza, P. G. (2008). Human dignity and judicial interpretation of human rights: A reply. European Journal of International Law, 19(5), 931–944. CrossRef
Charney, J. I. (1998). Impact on the international legal system of the growth of international courts and tribunals. New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, 31, 697.
Curtis, C. P. (1949). Better theory of legal interpretation. Vanderbilt Law Review, 3, 407.
Endicott, T. A. O. (2000). Vagueness in law. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Fitzmaurice, M., Elias, O. A., & Merkouris, P. (Eds.). (2010). Treaty interpretation and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties: 30 years on (Vol. 1). Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
Forowicz, M. (2010). The reception of international law in the European court of human rights. USA.: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Gardiner, R. K. (2008). Treaty interpretation. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Guillaume, G. (1995). The future of international judicial institutions. International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 44(4), 848–862. CrossRef
Guillaume, G. (2000a, October 27). The proliferation of international judicial bodies: The outlook for the international legal order. Speech by his excellency Judge Gilbert Guillaume, President of the International Court of Justice, to the Sixth Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
Guillaume, G. (2000b, October 26). Address by HE Judge Gilbert Guillaume, President of the International Court of Justice to the United Nations General Assembly, New York. Retrieved from http://www.icj-cij.org/court/index.php?pr=84&pt=3&p1=1&p2=3&p3=1
Guillaume, G. (2004). Advantages and risks of proliferation: A blueprint for action. Journal of International Criminal Justice, 2, 300. CrossRef
Guillaume, G. (2011). The use of precedent by international judges and arbitrators. Journal of International Dispute Settlement, 2(1), 5–23. CrossRef
International Law Commission. (2006). Fragmentation of international law: Difficulties arising from the diversification and expansion of international law. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations.
Jackson, J. H. (1998). Fragmentation or unification among international institutions: The World Trade Organization. New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, 31, 823.
Jennings, M. (2004, June). The WTO and international law. In ANZSIL conference.
Kamminga, M. T., & Scheinin, M. (Eds.). (2009). The impact of human rights law on general international law, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Kelly, J. P. (2001). Judicial activism at the World Trade Organization: Developing principles of self-restraint. Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, 22, 353.
Kingsbury, B. (1998). Foreword: Is the proliferation of international courts and tribunals a systemic problem. New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, 31, 679.
Koskenniemi, M. (2001). The gentle civilizer of nations: The rise and fall of international law 1870–1960 (Hersch Lauterpacht memorial lectures). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Lauterpacht, H. (1982). The development of international law by the international court (p. 282). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Lennard, M. (2002). Navigating by the stars: Interpreting the WTO agreements. Journal of International Economic Law, 5(1), 17–89. CrossRef
Letsas, G. (2007). A theory of interpretation of the European convention on human rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Letsas, G. (2010). Strasbourg’s interpretive ethic: Lessons for the international lawyer. European Journal of International Law, 21(3), 509–541. CrossRef
Linderfalk, U. (2007). On the interpretation of treaties: The modern international law as expressed in the 1969 Vienna Convention on the law of treaties (Vol. 83). Springer Science & Business Media.
Mavroidis, P. C. (2008). No outsourcing of law? WTO law as practiced by WTO courts. American Journal of International Law, 102, 421–474. CrossRef
McConville, M., & Chui, W. H. E. (Eds.). (2007). Research methods for law. Edinburgh University Press.
McInerney-Lankford, S. (2012). Fragmentation of international law redux: The case of Strasbourg. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 32(3), 609–632. CrossRef
Merkouris, P. (2010). Introduction: Interpretation is a science, is an art, is a science. In Treaty interpretation and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties: 30 years on (pp. 1–14). Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
Morigiwa, Y., Stolleis, M., & Halpérin, J. L. (Eds.). (2011). Interpretation of law in the age of enlightenment: From the rule of the king to the rule of law (Vol. 95). Springer Science & Business Media.
Orakhelashvili, A. (2008). The interpretation of acts and rules in public international law. Oxford University Press.
Pound, R. (1923). The theory of judicial decision. Harvard Law Review, 36, 802. CrossRef
Ramberg, B., & Gjesdal, K. (2009). “Hermeneutics”, the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (E. N. Zalta, Ed.). Retrieved December 2012, from http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2009/
Scheinin, M. (2009). Impact on the law of treaties. In M. T. Kamminga & M. Scheinin (Eds.), The impact of human rights law on general international law (p. 33). Oxford: OUP.
Sheeran, S. (2014). The relationship of international human rights and general international law: A hermeneutic constraint, or pushing the boundaries? In S. Sheeran & N. Rodley (Eds.), Routledge handbook of international human rights law. London: Routledge.
Simma, B., & Pulkowski, D. (2006). Of planets and the universe: Self-contained regimes in international law. European Journal of International Law, 17(3), 483–529. CrossRef
Stein, P. (1994). Interpretation and legal reasoning in Roman law. Chicago-Kent Law Review, 70, 1539.
Stevenson, A. (Ed.). (2010). Oxford Dictionary of English (3rd ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Tzevelekos, V. P. (2009). Use of Article 31 (3)(C) of the VCLT in the case law of the ECtHR: An effective anti-fragmentation tool or a selective loophole for the reinforcement of human rights teleology-between evolution and systemic integration. Michigan Journal of International Law, 31, 621.
Van Damme, I. (2010). Treaty interpretation by the WTO appellate body. European Journal of International Law, 21(3), 605–648. CrossRef
Van Hoecke, M. (Ed.). (2011). Methodologies of legal research: Which kind of method for what kind of discipline? Hart Publishing.
Waldock, H. (1964). Third report on the law of treaties, by Sir Humphrey Waldock, Special Rapporteur. Yearbook of the International Law Commission, 2, 49.
Yin, R. K. (2003). Case study research design and methods, Applied social research methods series (Vol. 5, 3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Liliana E. Popa
- Chapter 1
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta