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Transportation logistics and supply chains in general are facing increasing environmental demands. It could be argued that the sector is coming late to the demands for reductions in greenhouse gases (GHGs) and environmental emissions. For a long time it was enough for global policies that trade and economies grew. This is no longer the case. The transportation sector is responsible for a significant amount of emissions, and in Europe, they are still on track for long-term growth. Most troubling among these modes of transportation is truck transportation. The main challenge in maritime supply chains is not the amount of CO2 emissions, but that of sulphur and nitrogen emissions, and the concentration of these emissions to a limited amount of major sea ports.
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