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2022 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

1. Introduction

verfasst von : Dimitrios Souliotis

Erschienen in: The European Parliament in the News

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Almost 70 years since its establishment, the European Union (EU) is still confronted with the deep problem of the perceived gap between the EU institutions and the EU citizens. Relevant research shows that the majority of the Europeans do not trust the EU (European Commission, 2021; Pew Research Center, 2012; 2013; Inglehart et al., 2014) and they think of it as an inefficient institution that does not listen to them and does not understand their needs (Wike et al., 2019; Pew Research Center, 2014; Manchin, 2014). In addition, a large percentage of the EU citizens express their dissatisfaction with the way by which democracy works in the EU (European Parliament, 2018) while among the most popular reasons for abstention from the 2009, 2014, and 2019 European Parliament (EP) elections was the feeling of the EU citizens that their vote has no consequences and does not change anything (European Parliament, 2012, 2014, 2018). The steadily growing support for Eurosceptic and far right parties across member states (e.g. Italy, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands) (Oltermann, 2017; Mudde, 2017a, b; Henley & Malkin, 2017), the desire of citizens in different EU member states to have their voice heard through referendums on their own EU membership and their desire to have some of the EU key powers returned back to their national governments (Stokes, 2016; Pew Research Center, 2017) are also some of the facts that indicate the gap between the EU and its citizens.

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Literatur
Metadaten
Titel
Introduction
verfasst von
Dimitrios Souliotis
Copyright-Jahr
2022
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-93809-3_1