This volume addresses the very critical question of the role of international trade rules and capacity-building initiatives in the growth of the textiles and clothing (T&C) industry in developing countries. This issue has taken a pivotal place in the development literature as a result of the complete abolition of the quota system of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA) in the T&C industry since 1 January 2005. In several countries there are visible effects of the abolition of the WTO quota provisions. Countries such as China and India have benefited from it while some African countries, such as Kenya and Ghana, have lost substantial international markets that had been protected for them under the previous WTO quota system. On the other hand, many developing countries, such as Vietnam and Mexico, were almost unaffected by the abolition of WTO provisions. Is the abolition of the quota system the real cause of the difficulties encountered by the T&C industry in many developing countries over the last ten years?
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Pierre A. Mohnen
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
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