Security in CPS-based real-time embedded systems controlling the power grid has been an afterthought, but it is becoming a critical issue as CPS systems are networked and inter-dependent. This work presents a set of mechanisms for timebased intrusion detection, i.e., the execution of unauthorized instructions in realtime CPS environments. The novelty is the utilization of information obtained by static timing analysis for intrusion detection. Real-time CPS systems are unique in that timing bounds on code sections are readily available since they are required for schedulability analysis.We demonstrate how micro-timings can be exploited for multiple granularity levels of application code to track execution progress. Through bounds checking of these micro-timings, we develop techniques to detect intrusions (1) in a self-checking manner by the application and (2) through the operating system scheduler, which are novel contributions to the real-time/embedded systems domain to the best of our knowledge.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
- Intrusion Detection for CPS Real-Time Controllers
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg