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01.06.2011 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 1/2011 Open Access

European Transport Research Review 1/2011

Investigating the accelerated deterioration of flexible pavement using two-stage design analysis approach

European Transport Research Review > Ausgabe 1/2011
Khaled A. Abaza, Suleiman A. Ashur



The accelerated deterioration of flexible pavement and its relation to design strength requirements is a major problem facing highway engineers. The goal of this research is to investigate a possible relationship between the accelerated pavement deterioration rates and pavement design strength using a two-stage design analysis approach.

Approach Overview

The approach in this study applies a two-stage solution to the three popular design methods of flexible pavement (i.e. California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) method, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) method, and the Asphalt Institute (AI) method) to yield pavement designs using stage load applications values specified for each investigated design load applications level. The resulting two-stage pavement designs are then used to obtain an indicator called the stage design strength ratio (percentage) defined as the ratio of the relative strength change to the design relative strength.

Results and Conclusions

The sample results indicate that the stage design strength ratio is relatively low compared to the corresponding increase in load applications especially at advanced service times. This could be a major contributing factor to the accelerated deterioration of flexible pavement. Therefore, it is recommended to provide initially stronger pavement structures. This can be done by either designing flexible pavement for a longer design period than the typical 20 years suggested by most design methods or using a higher terminal present serviceability index as in the case of the AASHTO design method.
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