After taking office in 1993, the Clinton administration placed an emphasis on developing Tactical Missile Defences (TMD) to protect deployed forces and regional allies against tactical missile attacks. In doing so the strategic missile defence, under the label of National Missile Defence (NMD), was downgraded to a long-term research and development effort (Brauch ch. 20). This initiative generated a greater degree of European support, in contrast with Europe’s historically sceptical view concerning ballistic missile defence. During the election year of 1996, Clinton responded to Republican pressure on ballistic missile defences by announcing the “3 plus 3” programme for NMD (three years for R&D, after that a decision would be made to deploy the system within another three years) (BMDO 1997: 1–3). Several European governments demonstrated significant unease over the consequences of such a move that focused on (Lara 2001b: 92): The potentially detrimental impact on Western relations with Russia and China;The negative repercussions for arms control, especially for the ABM Treaty;The negative impact on deterrence and the transatlantic relationship.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Is there a Missile Threat for Europe? Justifications for a European Missile Defence in Europe and in the Mediterranean
Vicente Garrido Rebolledo
Belén Lara Fernández
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg