Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
In this paper, we propose the “Doppel teleoperation system,” which isolates several physical traits of a speaker, for investigating the manner in which personal information is conveyed to others during conversation. An underlying problem related to designing a personality for a social robot is that the manner in which humans judge the personalities of conversation partners remains unclear. The Doppel system allows each of the communication channels to be transferred, so that the channel can be chosen in its original form or in that generated by the system. For example, voice and body motions can be replaced by the Doppel system, while the speech content is preserved. This allows the individual effects of the physical traits of the speaker and the content of the speaker’s speech on the identification of personality to be identified. This selectivity of personal traits provides a useful approach for investigating which information conveys our personality through conversation. To show the potential of our system, we experimentally tested the extent to which the conversation content conveys the personality of speakers to interlocutors when their physical traits are eliminated. The preliminary results show that, although interlocutors experience difficulty identifying speakers using only conversational content, when their acquaintances are the speakers, they can recognize them. We indicate several potential physical traits that convey personality.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Sumioka, Hidenobu, Shuichi Nishio, Erina Okamoto, and Hiroshi Ishiguro. 2012. Isolation of physical traits and conversational content for personality design. In 21st IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human interactive Communication (RO-MAN 2012), 596–601.
Fong, T., I. Nourbakhsh, and K. Dautenhahn. 2003. A survey of socially interactive robots. Robotics and autonomous systems 42 (3): 143–166. CrossRef
Shimada, M., and H. Ishiguro. 2008. Motion behavior and its influence on human-likeness in an android robot. In Proceedings of the annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 2468–2473.
Goetz, J., and S. Kiesler. 2002. Cooperation with a robotic assistant. In ACM SIGCHI conference on human factors in computing systems, 578–579. ACM.
McCrae, R., A. Zonderman, P. Costa, M. Bond, and S. Paunonen. 1996. Evaluating replicability of factors in the revised neo personality inventory: Confirmatory factor analysis versus procrustes rotation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 70 (3): 552. CrossRef
Berry, D.S. 1990. Taking people at face value: Evidence for the kernel of truth hypothesis. Social Cognition 8: 343–361. CrossRef
Berry, D.S. 1991. Accuracy in social perception: Contributions of facial and vocal information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 61: 298–307. CrossRef
Little, A.C., and D.I. Perrett. 2006. Using composite images to assess accuracy in personality attribution to faces. British Journal of Psychology 98: 111–126. CrossRef
Naumann, L. 2009. Personality judgments based on physical appearance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 35 (12): 1661–1671. CrossRef
Kenny, D.A., C. Horner, D.A. Kashy, and L. Chu. 1992. Consensus at zero-acquaintance: Replication, behavioral cues, and stability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 62: 88–97. CrossRef
Scherer, K.R., and U. Scherer. 1981. Speech behavior and personality. In Speech evaluation in psychiatry, 115–135.
Borkenau, P., and A. Liebler. 1992. Trait inferences: Sources of validity at zero-acquaintance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 62: 645–657. CrossRef
Itakura, S. 2008. Development of mentalizing and communication: From viewpoint of developmental cybernetics and developmental cognitive neuroscience. IEICE Transaction communications E series B 91 (7): 2109. CrossRef
Yoshikawa, Y., K. Shinozawa, and H. Ishiguro. 2007. Social reflex hypothesis on blinking interaction. In Proceedings of the annual conference of the cognitive science society, 725–730.
Ishiguro, H. 2007. Android science-toward a new cross-interdisciplinary framework. Robotics Research 28: 118–127. CrossRef
Sakamoto, D., T. Kanda, T. Ono, H. Ishiguro, and N. Hagita. 2007. Android as a telecommunication medium with a human-like presence. In Proceedings of the international conference on Human-robot interaction, 193–200.
Nishio, S., H. Ishiguro, and N. Hagita. 2007. Geminoid: Teleoperated android of an existing person. In I-Tech: Humanoid robots-new developments.
Nishio, S., H. Ishiguro, and N. Hagita. 2007. Can a teleoperated android represent personal presence?—A case study with children. Psychologia 50 (4): 330–342. CrossRef
Straub, I., S. Nishio, and H. Ishiguro. 2010. Incorporated identity in interaction with a teleoperated android robot: A case study. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Robot and Human International Communication, 119–124.
Ogawa, K., S. Nishio, K. Koda, G. Balistreri, T. Watanabe, and H. Ishiguro. 2011. Exploring the natural reaction of young and aged person with telenoid in a real world. Journal of Advanced Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Informatics 15 (5): 592–597. CrossRef
Hayashi, F. 1978. The fundamental dimensions of interpersonal cognitive structure. Bulletin of the Faculty of Education of Nagoya University 25: 233–247. in Japanese.
Grier, J.B. 1971. Nonparametric indexes for sensitivity and bias: Computing formulas. Psychological Bulletin 75 (6): 424. CrossRef
Mairesse, F., and M.A. Walker. 2011. Controlling user perceptions of linguistic style: Trainable generation of personality traits. Computational Linguistics 37 (3): 455–488. CrossRef
Mori, M., K.F. MacDorman, and N. Kageki. 2012. The uncanny valley. IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine 19 (2): 98–100. CrossRef
- Isolation of Physical Traits and Conversational Content for Personality Design
- Springer Singapore
- Chapter 17
Neuer Inhalt/© Filograph | Getty Images | iStock