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Über dieses Buch

Environmental isotope and nuclear techniques provide unmatched insights into the processes governing the water cycle and its variability under past and present climates. This monograph is recommended to advanced students and specialists and presents historical perspective, state of the art applications and new developments of isotopes in hydrology, environmental disciplines and climate change studies.

The spectrum of isotope applications addressed in this monograph ranges from the assessment of groundwater resources in terms of recharge and flow regime, identification of palaeogroundwater, water balance of river basins and lakes, to studies of the past and present global environmental and climate changes. The contributions are written by renowned specialists in the various application fields.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Introduction

1.. Isotope Hydrology: A Historical Perspective from the IAEA

Without Abstract
P.K. Aggarwal, K. Froehlich, R. Gonfiantini, J. R. Gat

Isotopic and Nuclear Methodologies

2.. Isotopic Tracers for Obtaining Hydrologic Parameters

Without Abstract
H. Moser, W. Rauert

3.. Hydrologic Process Studies Using Radionuclides Produced by Cosmic Rays

Without Abstract
D. Lal

4.. Stable Oxygen and Hydrogen Isotopes in Precipitation

Without Abstract
L.L. Gourcy, M. Groening, P.K. Aggarwal

5.. Tritium in the Hydrologic Cycle

Without Abstract
R.L. Michel

6.. Assessing Sources and Transformations of Sulphate and Nitrate in the Hydrosphere Using Isotope Techniques

Without Abstract
B. Mayer

7.. Rare Gases

Without Abstract
H.H. Loosli, R. Purtschert

8.. U and Th Series Nuclides in Natural Waters

Without Abstract
A. Kaufman

9.. Optical Isotope Ratio Measurements in Hydrology

Without Abstract
E.R.Th. Kerstel, H.A.J. Meijer

Hydrologic Process and Systems

10.. Some Classical Concepts Of Isotope Hydrology

“Rayleigh fractionation, Meteoric Water Lines, the Dansgaard effects (altitude, latitude, distance from coast and amount effects) and the dexcess parameter” Their inception, the role they played in the evolution of the discipline and how they have stood the test of time
Without Abstract
J.R. Gat

11.. Isotopes in Lake Studies: A Historical Perspective

Without Abstract
K.F.O. Froehlich, R. Gonfiantini, K. Rozanski

12.. A Review of Isotope Applications in Catchment Hydrology

Without Abstract
T. Vitvar, P.K. Aggarwal, J.J. Mcdonnell

13.. Contribution of Isotopic and Nuclear Tracers to Study of Groundwaters

Without Abstract
W.M. Edmunds

14.. Dating of Young Groundwater

Without Abstract
L.N. Plummer

15.. Dating of Old Groundwater — History, Potential, Limits and Future

Without Abstract
M.A. Geyh

16.. Geothermal Systems

Without Abstract
Y.K. Kharaka, R.H. Mariner

17.. Saline Waters

Without Abstract
J. Horita

Hydroclimatic Processes and Systems

18.. Isotopes in Atmospheric Moisture

Without Abstract
K. Rozanski

19.. How Much Climatic Information Do Water Isotopes Contain?

A systematic comparison between the IAEA/GNIP isotope network and the ECHAM 4 atmospheric general circulation model
Without Abstract
G. Hoffmann, M. Cuntz, J. Jouzel, M. Werner

20.. Stable Isotopes through the Holocene as Recorded in Low-Latitude, High-Altitude Ice Cores

Without Abstract
L.G. Thompson, M.E. Davis

21.. Groundwater as an Archive of Climatic and Environmental Change

Without Abstract
W.M. Edmunds

22.. Isotopic Palaeolimnology

Without Abstract
F. Gasse

Backmatter

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