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Concerning the disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in Japan, the Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan (NUMO) has been making efforts toward beginning a literature survey, a first step of HLW disposal according to fundamental policies and final disposal plan based on the “Designated Radioactive Waste Final Disposal Act.” However, a difficult situation continues in which responses from municipalities, which are necessary for beginning a literature survey, are not being made.
In September 2010 the Science Council of Japan (SCJ) received a deliberation request from the Chairman of the Japan Atomic Energy Commission, and SCJ formed a Review Committee for Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste. The Review Committee made a Reply on Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste in September 2012, in which six proposals are made including safe temporal storage and management of the total amount of HLW. In this chapter, an outline of the current HLW disposal policy in Japan and the contents of the Reply are introduced.
Agency of Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE), METI, JAEA (2009) Total plan of research and development on HLW geological disposal (in Japanese). Agency of Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE), METI, JAEA, Tokyo, Japan
NUMO (2008) Geological disposal of radioactive waste in Japan. NUMO, Tokyo, Japan
Science Council of Japan (2012) Reply on disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Science Council of Japan (in Japanese), Tokyo, Japan
Japan Atomic Energy Commission (2012) Renewing approaches to geological disposal of HLW (statement). Japan Atomic Energy Commission, Tokyo, Japan, December 18
- Issues of HLW Disposal in Japan
- Springer Japan
- Chapter 24
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