Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This paper focuses on the collaboration in an Israeli-Palestinian tech start-up company. We investigate the strategies enacted by the IT developers for managing the political dynamics and making collaboration possible under the highly challenging political conditions. We found that one of the key strategies was explicitly separating the work domain of software development from the domain of politics. We argue that the IT developers manage to collaborate by displacing the political conflict through strategies of non-confrontation instead of engaging in translating conflicting agendas against each other. By insisting on keeping politics outside of the workspace, the IT developers adopt a strategy of keeping the collaboration together by keeping politics and work apart. However, we found that despite the attempts to manage the sub-group dynamics, politics constantly invade the workspace and challenge the collaboration. Significant resources are invested into managing the regimes of differentiated identity cards, permits, and checkpoints, all of which have consequences on the employees’ freedom or restriction of mobility. Thus, we argue that the IT development domain is inseparable from and deeply dependent upon the political domain.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Aal, K., Yerousis, G., et al. (2014). Come_in@ Palestine: Adapting a german computer club concept to a Palestinian refugee camp. In Proceedings of the 5th ACM International Conference on Collaboration Across Boundaries: Culture, Distance and Technology (pp. 111–120).
Associated Press (2009). Israeli-Palestinian partnership launches startup. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3746717,00.html
B’Tselem. (2014). Qalandiya checkpoint, March 2014: An obstacle to normal life. http://www.btselem.org/photoblog/201404_qalandiya_checkpoint.
B’Tselem (2015). Checkpoint, physical obstructions, and forbidden roads. http://www.btselem.org/freedom_of_movement/checkpoints_and_forbidden_roads
Blomberg, J., and Karasti, H., (2013). Reflections on 25 years of ethnography in CSCW. Computer supported cooperative Work, 22(4–6), 373–423.
Bjørn, P., & Ngwenyama, O. (2009). Virtual team collaboration: Building shared meaning, resolving breakdowns and creating translucence. Information Systems Journal, 19(3), 227–253.
Bjørn, P., Esbensen, M., Jensen, R. E., Matthiesen, S. (2014). Does distance still matter? Revisiting the CSCW fundamentals on distributed collaboration. ACM Transaction Computer Human Interaction ( ToChi), 21(5), 1–27.
Boden, A., Avram, G., et al. (2009). Knowledge management in distributed software development teams: Does culture matter? In International Conference on Global Software Engineering ( ICGSE) (pp. 18–27). Limerick, Ireland: IEEE Press.
Boden, A., Rosswog, F., et al. (2014). Articulation spaces: Bridging the gab between formal and informal coordination. In Computer Supported Cooperative Work ( CSCW). Baltimore, USA: ACM.
Clark, H., & Brennan, S. (1991). Grounding in communication: Perspectives on social shared cognition. In L. Resnick, J. Levine & S. Teasley (Eds.), (xiii, 429 pp). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
Cramton, C. D., & Hinds, P. (2005). Subgroup dynamics in internationally distributed teams: Ethnocenterism or cross-national learning. Research in Organizational Behavior, 26, 231–263.
Cramton, C. D., & Hinds, P. (2014). An embedded model of cultural adaptation in global teams. Organization Science, 25(4), 1056–1081.
Hage, G. (2013). In unoccupied Palestine: Keynote delivered at the ‘between dependence and independence: What future for Palestine?’ conference. Ramallah, Palestine: Ibrahim Abu-Lughod Institute of International Studies, Birzeit University.
Hass, A. (2002). Israels closure policy: An ineffective strategy of containment and repression. Journal of Palestine Studies, 31(3), 5–20.
Jensen, R. E., & Bjørn, P. (2012). Divergence and convergence in global software development: Cultural complexities as societal structures. COOP: Design of cooperative systems (pp. 123–136). France: Springer.
Jensen, R. E., & Nardi, B. (2014). The rhetoric of culture as an act of closure in cross-national software development department. European conference of information system (ECIS). Tel Aviv: AIS.
Khoury, G., & Khoury, M. (Eds.). (2014). Cases on management and organizational behaviour in an Arab context. USA: Business Science Reference IGI Global.
Marcus, G. (1995). Ethnography in/of the world system: The emergence of multi-sited ethnography. Annual Review Anthropology, 24, 95–117.
Matthiesen, S., Bjørn, P., et al. (2014). Figure out how to code with the hands of others: Recognizing cultural blind spots in global software development. Computer supported cooperative work (CSCW). Baltimore, USA: ACM.
Muna, F. A., & Khoury, G. (2012). The Palestinian executive: Leadership under challenging conditions. London: Gower Publishing, Ltd.
Olson, G. M., & Olson, J. S. (2000). Distance matters. Human-Computer Interaction, 15(2), 139–178.
Olson, J., & Olson, G. (2014). Working together apart: Collaboration over the internet. California, US: Morgan & Claypool Publishers.
Pilecki, A., & Hammack, P. (2014). Negotiating the past, imagining the future: Israeli and Palestinian narratives in intergroup dialog. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 43, 100–113.
Schmidt, K., & Bannon, L. (1992). Taking CSCW seriously: Supporting articulation work. Computer Supported Cooperative Work ( CSCW) An International Journal, 1(1–2), 7–40.
Suchman, L. (1994). Do categories have politics? The language/action perspective reconsidered. Computer Supported Cooperative Work ( CSCW) An International Journal, 2(3), 177–190.
Tawil-Souri, H. (2011). Colored identity: The politics and materiality of ID cards in Palestine/Israel. Social Text, 29(2), 67–97. CrossRef
Tawil-Souri, H. (2012). Digital occupation: Gaza’s high-tech enclosure. Journal of Palestine Studies, 41(2), 27–43. CrossRef
Watson-Manheim, M. B., Chudoba, K., et al. (2002). Discontinuities and continuities: A new way to understand virtual work. Information Technology and People, 15(3), 191–209. CrossRef
Watson-Manheim, M. B., Chudoba, K., et al. (2012). Perceived discontinuities and constructed continuities in virtual work. Information Systems Journal, 22(1), 29–52.
Wulf, V., Aal, K., et al. (2013). Fighting against the wall: Social media use by political activist in a Palestinian village. Human factors in computing systems CHI. Paris, France: ACM.
Yoo, D., Lake, M., et al. (2013). Envisioning across generations: A multi-lifespan information system for international justice in Rwanda. Human factors in computing systems CHI. Paris, France: ACM.
- “It’s About Business not Politics”: Software Development Between Palestinians and Israelis
Neuer Inhalt/© Filograph | Getty Images | iStock