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Ambio OnlineFirst articles

16.04.2018 | Research Article

Local geology determines responses of stream producers and fungal decomposers to nutrient enrichment: A field experiment

We examined how short-term (19 days) nutrient enrichment influences stream fungal and diatom communities, and rates of leaf decomposition and algal biomass accrual. We conducted a field experiment using slow-releasing nutrient pellets to increase …

Autoren:
Heikki Mykrä, Romain Sarremejane, Tiina Laamanen, Satu Maaria Karjalainen, Annamari Markkola, Sirkku Lehtinen, Kaisa Lehosmaa, Timo Muotka

11.04.2018 | Review

Exploring dynamism of cultural ecosystems services through a review of environmental education research

The field of cultural ecosystem services (CES) explores the non-material benefits that ecosystems provide to people. Human perceptions and valuations change, for many reasons and in many ways; research on CES, however, rarely accounts for this …

Autoren:
Rachelle K. Gould, Kimberly Coleman, Sonya Buglion Gluck

11.04.2018 | Review

Mine land rehabilitation in Brazil: Goals and techniques in the context of legal requirements

Environmental legislation in many countries demands the rehabilitation of degraded areas to minimize environmental impacts. Brazilian laws require the restitution of self-sustaining ecosystems to historical conditions but ignore the emergence of …

Autoren:
Markus Gastauer, Pedro Walfir Martins Souza Filho, Silvio Junio Ramos, Cecílio Frois Caldeira, Joyce Reis Silva, José Oswaldo Siqueira, Antonio Eduardo Furtini Neto

10.04.2018 | Research Article

Ecosystem service flows from a migratory species: Spatial subsidies of the northern pintail

Migratory species provide important benefits to society, but their cross-border conservation poses serious challenges. By quantifying the economic value of ecosystem services (ESs) provided across a species’ range and ecological data on a species’ …

Autoren:
Kenneth J. Bagstad, Darius J. Semmens, James E. Diffendorfer, Brady J. Mattsson, James Dubovsky, Wayne E. Thogmartin, Ruscena Wiederholt, John Loomis, Joanna A. Bieri, Christine Sample, Joshua Goldstein, Laura López-Hoffman

30.03.2018 | Perspective Open Access

Introducing and evaluating a knowledge transfer approach to support problem solving in and around protected areas

Protected areas (PAs) can generate many benefits inside and outside their borders, and achieving objectives for diverse stakeholders raises many challenges. There are many examples of successful PA management around the globe, although a …

Autoren:
Brady J. Mattsson, Marie Fischborn, Mark Brunson, Harald Vacik

29.03.2018 | Research Article Open Access

Origin and location of new Arctic islands and straits due to glacial recession

A total of 34 new islands (each 0.5 km2 or above) have appeared due to recession of Arctic glaciers under climate warming since the 1960s. Analysis of maps and satellite images of the Arctic coasts has been a basic method of recognizing these …

Autoren:
Wiesław Ziaja, Krzysztof Ostafin

29.03.2018 | Research Article

Lead poisoning and other human-related factors cause significant mortality in white-tailed eagles

The white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) suffered a severe population decline due to environmental pollutants in the Baltic Sea area ca. 50 years ago but has since been recovering. The main threats for the white-tailed eagle in Finland are …

Autoren:
Marja Isomursu, Juhani Koivusaari, Torsten Stjernberg, Varpu Hirvelä-Koski, Eija-Riitta Venäläinen

27.03.2018 | Review

Ditch network maintenance in peat-dominated boreal forests: Review and analysis of water quality management options

The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of different water management options to mitigate sediment and nutrient exports from ditch network maintenance (DNM) areas in boreal peatland forests. Available literature was reviewed …

Autoren:
Mika Nieminen, Sirpa Piirainen, Ulf Sikström, Stefan Löfgren, Hannu Marttila, Sakari Sarkkola, Ari Laurén, Leena Finér

23.03.2018 | Research Article Open Access

Invasive forest pathogens in Europe: Cross-country variation in public awareness but consistency in policy acceptability

Political action can reduce introductions of diseases caused by invasive forest pathogens (IPs) and public support is important for effective prevention. The public’s awareness of IP problems and the acceptability of policies aiming to combat …

Autoren:
Louise Eriksson, Johanna Boberg, Thomas L. Cech, Tamara Corcobado, Marie-Laure Desprez-Loustau, Ari M. Hietala, Marília Horta Jung, Thomas Jung, Hatice Tuğba Doğmuş Lehtijarvi, Funda Oskay, Slavtcho Slavov, Halvor Solheim, Jan Stenlid, Jonàs Oliva

17.03.2018 | Research Article

High-temporal resolution landscape changes related to anthropogenic activities over the past millennium in the Vosges Mountains (France)

Iron mining activities in the Bruche valley (Vosges Mountains, France) date historically from the Roman period to the mid-nineteenth century. The geochemical and palynological study of a core from the peat bog of Le Champ du Feu allows …

Autoren:
Anne-Lise Mariet, Anne-Véronique Walter-Simonnet, Frédéric Gimbert, Christophe Cloquet, Carole Bégeot

13.03.2018 | Perspective

Glacier protection laws: Potential conflicts in managing glacial hazards and adapting to climate change

The environmental, socioeconomic and cultural significance of glaciers has motivated several countries to regulate activities on glaciers and glacierized surroundings. However, laws written to specifically protect mountain glaciers have only …

Autoren:
Pablo Iribarren Anacona, Josie Kinney, Marius Schaefer, Stephan Harrison, Ryan Wilson, Alexis Segovia, Bruno Mazzorana, Felipe Guerra, David Farías, John M. Reynolds, Neil F. Glasser

12.03.2018 | Research Article

High overlap between traditional ecological knowledge and forest conservation found in the Bolivian Amazon

It has been suggested that traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) may play a key role in forest conservation. However, empirical studies assessing to what extent TEK is associated with forest conservation compared with other variables are rare.

Autoren:
Jaime Paneque-Gálvez, Irene Pérez-Llorente, Ana Catarina Luz, Maximilien Guèze, Jean-François Mas, Manuel J. Macía, Martí Orta-Martínez, Victoria Reyes-García

12.03.2018 | Perspective

Hunting with lead ammunition is not sustainable: European perspectives

Much evidence demonstrates the adverse effects of lead ammunition on wildlife, their habitats and human health, and confirms that the use of such ammunition has no place within sustainable hunting. We identify the provisions that define …

Autoren:
Niels Kanstrup, John Swift, David A. Stroud, Melissa Lewis

24.02.2018 | Research Article Open Access

Managing flood risks in the Mekong Delta: How to address emerging challenges under climate change and socioeconomic developments

Climate change and accelerating socioeconomic developments increasingly challenge flood-risk management in the Vietnamese Mekong River Delta—a typical large, economically dynamic and highly vulnerable delta. This study identifies and addresses the …

Autoren:
Long Phi Hoang, Robbert Biesbroek, Van Pham Dang Tri, Matti Kummu, Michelle T. H. van Vliet, Rik Leemans, Pavel Kabat, Fulco Ludwig

24.02.2018 | Research Article

Influence of solid waste and topography on urban floods: The case of Mexico City

Floods in cities are increasingly common as a consequence of multifactor watershed dynamics, including geomorphology, land-use changes and land subsidence. However, urban managers have focused on infrastructure to address floods by reducing …

Autoren:
Luis Zambrano, Rodrigo Pacheco-Muñoz, Tania Fernández

24.02.2018 | Research Article Open Access

Participation in the convention on migratory species: A biogeographic assessment

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) is a Multilateral Environmental Agreement (MEA) focused on species that regularly travel across international borders. Despite covering an important group of species …

Autoren:
Christopher Michael Hensz, Jorge Soberón

24.02.2018 | Perspective

Bird on the wire: Landscape planning considering costs and benefits for bird populations coexisting with power lines

Power-line grids are increasingly expanding worldwide, as well as their negative impacts on avifauna, namely the direct mortality through collision and electrocution, the reduction of breeding performance, and the barrier effect. On the other …

Autoren:
Marcello D’Amico, Inês Catry, Ricardo C. Martins, Fernando Ascensão, Rafael Barrientos, Francisco Moreira

24.02.2018 | Research Article

Ecological changes and local knowledge in a giant honey bee (Apis dorsata F.) hunting community in Palawan, Philippines

One of the traditional livelihood practices of indigenous Tagbanuas in Palawan, Philippines is wild honey hunting and gathering from the giant honey bee (Apis dorsata F.). In order to analyze the linkages of the social and ecological systems …

Autoren:
Denise Margaret S. Matias, Christian Borgemeister, Henrik von Wehrden

23.02.2018 | Research Article

Detecting crucial dispersal pathways using a virtual ecology approach: A case study of the mirid bug Stenotus rubrovittatus

Detecting dispersal pathways is important both for understanding species range expansion and for managing nuisance species. However, direct detection is difficult. Here, we propose detecting these crucial pathways using a virtual ecology approach …

Autoren:
Takeshi Osawa, Kazuhisa Yamasaki, Ken Tabuchi, Akira Yoshioka, Mayura B. Takada

19.02.2018 | Research Article

Post-disaster agricultural transitions in Nepal

In Spring 2015, a series of earthquakes and aftershocks struck Nepal. The earthquakes caused significant changes in labor and land availability, cash income needs, and land quality. We examine how these post-earthquake impacts converged with …

Autoren:
Jessica DiCarlo, Kathleen Epstein, Robin Marsh, Inger Måren