Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter seeks to determine why the Trudeau government seeks a seat on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the 2021–2022 term despite so many uncertainties and challenges. First, there is the lack of a guarantee of a win against Ireland and Norway for one of the two seats. Next, there is the significant cost to campaign and hold the seat. Third, there is the fact that the Liberals may not be in power come time to hold the seat. Moreover, the dysfunction of the UNSC and the clear disdain Canada’s closest neighbor and ally, the United States, holds for the UNSC seem reason enough to avoid the seat. Is campaigning for a seat a Liberal dynastic imperative? Or a Canadian one? This chapter examines the powers and importance of the UNSC, Canada’s history on the Council and the costs, benefits, and challenges of mounting a Canadian bid for a Council seat.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
For a list of member states never elected to the UNSC, see United Nations Security Council, ( n.d.-a). I am grateful to a number of excellent students from the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs for their ideas, including Geneviève Fauteux, Uriel Marantz, Alysha Pannu, and Erika Schneidereit. I particularly thank Alayna Jay from the Royal Military College of Canada for her outstanding research in calculating every Canadian vote in the UNSC’s history.
Note, however, that Minister Freeland’s foreign policy priorities speech on 6 June 2017 did not make reference to the UN Security Council, although mention was made of peacekeeping, the 2030 Sustainability Goals, and other UN programs (Freeland 2017).
The UN has a very good Frequently Asked Questions on the UNSC found at http://www.un.org/en/sc/about/faq.shtml.
United Nations Charter ( 1945). Article 24 (1).
There have been cases of states only serving for 1 year. For example, Italy and then the Netherlands are sharing a two-year term (2017–2018). It is also something for Canada to consider—perhaps splitting a two-year term with Ireland.
For a full list of all of the regional group arrangements for the UNSC, see http://www.un.org/depts/DGACM/RegionalGroups.shtml.
The Military Staff Committee was to be made up of the five chiefs of defence of the P5 to advise on military matters. Cold War dynamics and the lack of a UN military meant that the MCC, while it continued to meet, was of limited value.
The original quote was from a letter from Holmes to Riddell, July 24, 1947 (Hilliker and Barry 1995).
Panetta ( 2016).
I argue that national interests are not the same as values. Vital national interests speak to the continued survival of a state; values describe the aspirational conduct of a state within its borders and in its relations with other states.
Bosco ( 2009, 4).
Security Council Report ( 2016).
S/20757, which became S/RES/638 (1989).
The impetus for the resolution was the hanging of US Marine Lt Col William Higgins by pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim extremists in retaliation for the Israeli abduction of a Hezbollah spiritual leader. Lt Col Williams served on the UN Lebanon mission (UNOGIL) (United Press International 1989).
United Nations Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect, ( n.d.).
Malone ( 2009, 8).
Malone ( 1997, 403).
Security Council Report ( 2015).
United Nations News Centre ( 2016).
Bosco ( 2014).
Ibbitson and Slater ( 2010).
Blanchfield ( 2015).
Norway is only a Sectoral Dialogue Partner of ASEAN.
Hampson and Paris ( 2010).
CTV News ( 2016).
The sixth organ of the UN, the Trusteeship Council, discharged its final trust territory Palau in 1994. The Trusteeship Council, therefore, is now dormant.
Blanchfield, Mike. 2015. Why Canada should try again for UN Security Council seat according to France. Toronto Star, January 28. https://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2015/01/28/why-canada-should-try-again-for-un-security-council-seat-again-according-to-france.html. Accessed 30 Oct 2016.
Bosco, David. 2009. Five to rule them all: The UN security council and the making of the modern world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
———. 2014. Assessing the UN security council: A concert perspective. Global Governance 20 (4): 545–561.
Chapnick, Adam. 2005. The middle power project: Canada and the founding of the United Nations. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
CTV News. 2016. Views on Canada’s role in peacekeeping missions. Nanos Research, October. http://www.nanosresearch.com/sites/default/files/POLNAT-S15-T703.pdf. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.
Department of General Assembly and Conference Affairs. (n.d.). United Nations Regional Groups of Member States. United Nations, May 9, 2014. http://www.un.org/depts/DGACM/RegionalGroups.shtml. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.
Freeland, Chrystia. 2017. Address by Minister Freeland on Canada’s foreign policy priorities. Global Affairs Canada, June 6. https://www.canada.ca/en/global-affairs/news/2017/06/address_by_ministerfreelandoncanadasforeignpolicypriorities.html. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.
Hampson, Fen Osler, and Roland Paris. 2010. Introduction: Leadership challenges in an era of uncertainty. Centre for International Policy Studies, 1–12. http://www.cips-cepi.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Priorities_Report.pdf. Accessed 5 Oct 2017.
Hilliker, John, and Donald Barry. 1995. Canada’s department of external affairs II: Coming of age 1946–1948. Montreal/Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Ibbitson, John, and Joanna Slater. 2010. Security Council rejection a deep embarrassment for Harper. Globe and Mail, October 10. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/security-council-rejection-a-deep-embarrassment-for-harper/article1370239/. Accessed 31 Oct 2016.
Mackenzie, Hector. 2009. Knight errant, cold warrior or cautious ally? Canada on the United Nations security council, 1948–1949. Journal of Transatlantic Studies 7 (4): 453–475. CrossRef
Malone, David. 1997. Canada and the UNSC in the post-cold war era: 1987–1997. Security Dialogue 28 (4): 393–408. CrossRef
———. 2009. Eyes on the prize: The quest for nonpermanent seats on the UN security council. Global Governance 6 (1): 3–23.
Panetta, Alexandre. 2016. Trudeau announces bid for seat on UN Security Council: ‘It is time for Canada to step up once again.’ National Post, March 16. http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/canadian-politics/trudeau-announces-bid-for-seat-on-u-n-security-council-it-is-time-for-canada-to-step-up-once-again. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.
Riddell-Dixon, Elizabeth. 2006/2007. Canada at the United Nations: 1945–1980. International Journal 62 (1): 145–160. CrossRef
Security Council Report. 2015. Appointing the UN Secretary-General. Security Council Report, October 16. http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/research_report_2_secretary_general_appointment2015.pdf. Accessed 5 Nov 2016.
———. 2016. In hindsight: The Security Council penholders. Security Council Report, April. http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/monthly-forecast/2016-10/in_hindsight_the_security_council_penholders.php. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.
United Nations, Charter of the United Nations, 24 October 1945, 1 UNTS XVI, available at: http://www.un.org/en/charter-united-nations/
United Nations General Assembly. 1950. Uniting for Peace Resolution A/RES/377V. United Nations, November 3. http://www.un.org/en/sc/repertoire/otherdocs/GAres377A(v).pdf. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.
United Nations News Centre. 2016. António Guterres appointed next UN Secretary-General by acclamation. United Nations, October 13. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=55285#.WBkkDoWcFYc. Accessed 25 Oct 2016.
United Nations Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect. n.d.. Responsibility to Protect. United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/genocideprevention/about-responsibility-to-protect.html. Accessed 7 Oct 2017.
United Nations Security Council. 1989. Draft resolution on acts of hostage-taking and abduction (28 July 1989) S/20757. Dag Hammarskjöld Library. http://repository.un.org/handle/11176/58536. Accessed 7 Oct 2017.
———. n.d.-a. Countries never elected members of the Security Council. United Nations Security Council. http://www.un.org/en/sc/members/notelected.asp. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.
———. n.d.-b. Frequently asked questions. United Nations Security Council. http://www.un.org/en/sc/about/faq.shtml. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.
———. n.d.-c. Functions and Powers. United Nations Security Council. http://www.un.org/en/sc/about/functions.shtml. Accessed 6 Oct 2017.
United Press International. 1989. Col. Higgins was hanged, Shiites say; Bush outraged: Another hostage threatened. Los Angeles Times, July 31. http://articles.latimes.com/1989-07-31/news/mn-492_1_hezbollah. Accessed 5 Oct 2017.
von Riekoff, Harald. 2002. Canada and the United Nations security council, 1999–2000 – A reassessment. Canadian Foreign Policy 10 (1): 111–130.
- Justin Trudeau’s Quest for a United Nations Security Council Seat
- Chapter 13
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta