Cape Verde is an example of a state that consists of several islands, with its particular energy situation. The electrical energy system is split into nine islands, and some of the islands, as well as Santo Antão, are further split into several independent electrical energy systems, which makes it hard for modern energy planning. The electricity generation is heavily dependent on Diesel engines of various powers, while on some islands there are some wind capacities installed, particularly on São Vicente. Diesel power is expensive and polluting, but still the most appropriate for such small scale electricity generation. This paper studies implications of different scenarios of development of electrical energy system on the island of Santo Antão, one of the most undeveloped and hard to electrify because of geography and lack of resources. An estimate of electricity demand for the period until 2030 is given. Business as usual scenario based on Diesel capacity is compared to two renewable energy scenarios, one envisaging 30% of the electricity generated by the wind power, and the other combining 25% of wind power with 5% of photovoltaic power. Further scenarios were generated and compared to the previous by the assumption of declining prices of renewable energy technologies. The scenarios were compared from the point of view of electricity generation prices, but also from the point of view of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. The possible influence of Clean Development Mechanism as a part of satisfying the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change objectives were assessed. A certain potential for financing the technology transfer was quantified and its influence on different electricity system planning scenarios estimated.
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- Kyoto Protocol Objectives by Promoting the Technology Transfer to Small Island Developing Countries: Santo Antão, Cape Verde
Luís Manuel Alves
Maria da Graça Carvalho
- Springer US
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen