Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Labour productivity reflects a firm’s ability to generate higher production or value-added. This paper analyses labour productivity and its determinants in the manufacturing and service sectors in Kenya. As the largest economy in East Africa, it is crucial for Kenya to have high labour productivity as it has strong implications for economic growth and welfare. The paper also provides practitioners with a better understanding of the state of labour productivity in the country. Using the World Bank’s Enterprise Survey’s database for 2013, we find that capital intensity and wage significantly and positively affected labour productivity. A higher female share in the labour force reduced labour productivity. We also found that training and education were associated with higher labour productivity. Reliance on technologies such as emails and websites for communication had a positive but insignificant impact on firms’ labour productivity. On the basis of these observations we make a number of recommendations to promote higher productivity of labour.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Amin, M. (2011). Labour Productivity, Firm-Size and Gender: The Case of Informal Firms in Argentina and Peru. Enterprise Note, 22. The World Bank.
Arnold, J., A. Mattoo, and G. Narciso (2006). Services Inputs and Firm Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Firm-Level Data. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, No. 4048. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Baptist, S. and F. Teal (2015). Technology and Productivity in African Manufacturing Firms. World Development, 64: 713–725.
Battese, G.E., A. Heshmati, and L. Hjalmarsson (2000). Efficiency of Labour Use in the Swedish Banking Industry: A Stochastic Frontier Approach. Empirical Economics 25(4): 623–640.
Dearden, L., H. Reed, and J.V. Reenen (2006). The Impact of Training on Productivity and Wages: Evidence from British Panel Data. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 68(4): 397–421.
Dethier, J., M. Hirn, and S. Straub (2010). Explaining Enterprise Performance in Developing Countries with Business Climate Survey Data. World Bank Research Observer, 26: 258–309.
Dollar, D., M. Hallword-Driemeier, and T. Mengistae (2005). Investment Climate and Firm Performance in Developing Countries. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 54(1): 1–31.
Eifert, B., A. Gelb, and V. Ramachandran (2008). The Cost of Doing Business in Africa: Evidence from Enterprise Survey Data. World Development, 36(9): 1531–1546.
Frazer, G. (2005). Which Firms Die? A Look at Manufacturing Firm Exit in Ghana. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 53(3): 585–617.
Heshmati, A. (2003). Productivity Growth, Efficiency and Outsourcing in Manufacturing and Services. Journal of Economic Surveys, 17(1): 79–112.
Heshmati, A. and B. Su (2014). Development and Sources of Labour Productivity in Chinese Provinces. China Economic Policy Review, 2(2): 1–30.
Kang, J.W., A. Heshmati, and G.G. Choi (2008). The Effects of Credit Guarantees on Survival and Performance of SMEs in Korea. Small Business Economics, 31(4): 445–462.
Kinda, T., P. Plane, and M. Veganzones-Veroudakis (2011). Firm Productivity and Investment Climate in Developing Countries: How Does the Middle East and North Africa Perform? The Developing Economies, 49(4): 429–469.
Masso, J. and A. Heshmati (2004). Optimality and Overuse of Labour in Estonian Manufacturing Enterprises. Economics of Transition, 12(4): 683–720.
Nagler, P. and W. Naudé (2014). Labour Productivity in Rural African Enterprises: Empirical Evidence from the LSMS-ISA. IZA Discussion Paper No. 2014: 8524.
Odero, W.O., W.A. Reeves, and N. Kipyego (2015). Kenya 2015. African Economic Outlook. http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/. Accessed 4 April 2016.
Ogutu, S.O., J.J. Okello, and D.J. Otieno (2014). Impact of Information and Communication Technology-Based Market Information Services on Smallholder Farm Input Use and Productivity: The Case of Kenya. World Development, 64: 311–321.
Oh, I., A. Heshmati, C. Baek, and J.-D. Lee (2009). Comparative Analysis of Firm Dynamics by Size: The Korean Manufacturing. Japanese Economic Review, 60(4): 512–538.
Rijkers, B. and R. Costa (2012). Gender and Rural Non-farm Entrepreneurship. World Development, 40(12): 2411–2426.
Rijkers, B., M. Söderbom, and J. Loening (2010). A Rural-Urban Comparison of Manufacturing Enterprise Performance in Ethiopia. World Development, 38(9): 1278–1296.
Sala, H. and J.I. Silva (2011). Labour Productivity and Vocational Training: Evidence from Europe. IZA Discussion Paper No. 2011: 6171.
Saliola, F. and M. Seker (2011). Total Factor Productivity Across the Developing World. Enterprise Note No. 23. The World Bank.
Sauiana, M.S., N. Kamarudinb, and R.M. Rani (2013). Labour Productivity of Services Sector in Malaysia: Analysis Using Input-Output Approach. Procedia Economics and Finance, 7: 35–41.
Söderbom, M. and F. Teal (2004). Size and Efficiency in African Manufacturing Firms: Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data. Journal of Development Economics, 73(1): 369–394.
Söderbom, M., F. Teal, and A. Harding (2006). The Determinants of Survival Among African Manufacturing Firms. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 54(3): 533–555.
Wei, Y.H. (2000). Investment and Regional Development in Post-Mao China. Geo Journal, 51(3): 169–179.
World Bank (IBRD-IDA) (2015). Labour Force Participation Rate, Female (% of Female Population Ages 15+) (Modeled ILO Estimate). http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.TLF.CACT.FE.ZS?page=2.
World Bank (2012). Kenya Economic Update: Kenya at Work: Energizing the Economy and Creating Jobs. Edition No. 7. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTAFRICA/Resources/257994–1335471959878/kenya-economic-update-December-2012.pdf.
Xiaodong, L., K.H. Chow, Y. Zhu, and L. Ying (2016). Evaluating the Impacts of High-Temperature Outdoor Working Environments on Construction Labour Productivity in China: A Case Study of Rebar Workers. Building and Environment, 95: 42–52.
- Labour Productivity in Kenyan Manufacturing and Service Industries
- Chapter 9
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, digitale Transformation/© Maksym Yemelyanov | Fotolia