This chapter proposes a reflection on the possible role of landscape and ecological networks within the local urban planning practices. We face a constant population growth in cities, and peri-urban and marginal areas are increasingly subjected to environmental degradation. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the ecological values of the environment. This contribution, starting from some pilots conducted in Piedmont Region, reflects on the operational urban planning paradigms. The importance of green infrastructures and ecological quality for sustainable and resilient cities is sustained by a proposal of local planning regulations. The chapter aims to tackle the quest for new forms of implementation based on integrating the approaches to planning the urban and ecological problems to ensure the complete compatibility between urban transformation and the demands for environmental quality. The ecological regulations described propose an evolution of the meaning of the planning schemes, especially those applicable to green space. Therefore, this contribution focuses on an innovative model of planning and management at the local scale, the role of ecosystem services, and the relationship between the biodiversity of the ecological network structural areas and peri-urban and agricultural residual ecological areas to be strengthened to improve connectivity between ecosystems.
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The EC wants to improve EU legislation addressing biodiversity, e.g. the Fauna-Flora Habitat [FFH] Directive (92/43/EEC), the Birds Directive (2009/147/EC), the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), the Floods Directive (2007/60/EC) and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (2008/56/EC).
Those experience have been developed by the research group of Politecnico di Torino coordinated by Angioletta Voghera and financed by the Metropolitan city of Turin since 2014 and by others municipalities, such as Bruino, Chieri, Mappano, Moncalieri, Ivrea and Pavone. The group is composed by Luigi La Riccia, Stefania Guarini, Gabriella Negrini (Voghera and La Riccia 2015, 2016, 2019; Voghera et al. 2017).
Between 2014 and 2016, the research “Guidelines for the Green System of PTC2” (convention between the Metropolitan City of Turin, ENEA and Politecnico di Torino) and the “Operational proposals for the ecological network of Chieri” (Politecnico di Torino and Comune di Chieri, Turin) were conducted with the objective of defining a proposal for the implementation of the ecological network at the local level firstly in two municipalities of Turin (Ivrea and Chieri).
The six major areas of intervention (pillars) on which the PNRR focuses are: (1) Green Transition, (2) Digital Transformation, (3) Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth, (4) Social and Territorial Cohesion, (5) Health and Economic, Social and Institutional Resilience and (6) Policies for the new generations, children and young people.