Law enforcement agencies routinely collect both rolled and plain fingerprints of all the ten fingers of suspects. These two types of fingerprints complement each other, since rolled fingerprints are of larger size and contain more minutiae, and plain fingerprints are less affected by distortion and have clearer ridge structure. It is widely known in the law enforcement community that searching both rolled and plain fingerprints can improve the accuracy of latent matching, but, this does not appear to be a common practice in law enforcement. To our knowledge, only rank level fusion option is provided by the vendors. There has been no systematic study and comparison of different fusion techniques. In this paper, multiple fusion approaches at three different levels (rank, score and feature) are proposed to fuse rolled and plain fingerprints. Experimental results in searching 230 latents in the NIST SD27 against a database of 4,180 pairs of rolled and plain fingerprints show that most of the fusion approaches can improve the identification performance. The greatest improvement was obtained by boosted max fusion at the score level, which reaches a rank-1 identification rate of 83.0%, compared to the rank-1 rate of 57.8% for plain and 70.4% for rolled prints.
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- Latent Fingerprint Matching: Fusion of Rolled and Plain Fingerprints
Anil K. Jain
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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