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We utilize individual panel data from the 1996 and 2001 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to analyze the relative success of self-employed female Hispanics. To allow for a meaningful comparison of earnings between self-employed and wage/salary women, we generate different earnings measures addressing the role of business equity. We compare earnings of Hispanic female entrepreneurs to both Latina wage/salary workers and to self-employed female non-Hispanic whites. Latina entrepreneurs are observed to have lower mean earnings than both white female entrepreneurs and Latina employees. However, our findings indicate that Latina entrepreneurs often do well, once differences in mean observable characteristics, such as education, are taken into account. Self-employed Latinas are estimated to earn more than observationally similar non-minority white female entrepreneurs and slightly less than observationally similar wage/salary-employed Latinas.
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Bates, T. (1997). Race, self-employment, and upward mobility. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Fairlie, R.W., & Woodruff, C. (2007). Mexican entrepreneurship. National Poverty Center working paper series, #07–34. University of Michigan: National Poverty Center.
Fairlie, R. W., & Woodruff, C. (2007). Mexican entrepreneurship: A comparison of self-employment in Mexico and the United States. In G. Borjas (Ed.), Mexican immigration in the United States (pp. 123–158). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Lopez, M., & Trevizo, D. (2009). Mexican entrepreneurship in Los Angeles: An analysis of determinants of entrepreneurial success. In A. Morales, D. Torres, & J. S. Butler (Eds.), American story: Mexican American entrepreneurship & wealth creation. Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press (in press).
- Latina entrepreneurship
- Springer US
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