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16.11.2020 | Ausgabe 3/2021

Environmental Management 3/2021

Leaching Performance and Zinc Ions Removal from Industrial Slag Leachate Using Natural and Biochar Walnut Shell

Zeitschrift:
Environmental Management > Ausgabe 3/2021
Autoren:
Sevda Esma Darama, Elif Hatice Gürkan, Özlem Terzi, Semra Çoruh
Wichtige Hinweise
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Abstract

This study aims to investigate leaching characteristics of zinc slag according to leaching tests, including; TCLP (Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure), SPLP (Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure), ASTM-D3987 (American Society for Testing and Materials), and TS EN-12457-4 (Turkish Standards Institute) tests methods. The present study describes the adsorption potential of natural and biochar walnut shells for removing ions from the zinc leachate. TCLP leachate, with a value of 38.575 mg/L, has a high zinc (Zn+2) concentration compared to other methods. Therefore, TCLP leachate was used in the adsorption experiments. Adsorption experiments were carried out at different adsorbent dosages, pH values, and contact time conditions. In the dosage study, the highest removal efficiency was obtained as 84% and 92% in natural and biochar walnut shell adsorbents, respectively. As a result of pH study, it was observed that adsorption under alkaline conditions had a much higher removal efficiency. Moreover, adsorption studies performed against contact time were applied to four different kinetic models and both adsorbents were found to be fit with the pseudo-second-order model. This kinetic model showed that the Zn+2 adsorption mechanism of natural and biochar walnut shells is chemical adsorption. With this study, it was shown that a very high 96% zinc removal can be achieved under optimum adsorption conditions. This may be the first study of zinc removal after leaching from industrial slag in the literature. This study has shown that high removal efficiencies can be obtained by an economical adsorbent.

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