Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The book moves again from the organisational to the cultural and examines how recruits ‘learn’ to become police officers. Although much literature on learning focuses on formal learning, in the context of policing, it is as important to consider the ‘informal learning’ within the workplace as potentially a key, if not the key, influence on the behaviour and performance of workers. ‘Situated learning’ (or learning ‘on the job’) and the impact of social interaction on learning are the focus of this chapter. An analysis of the ‘communities of practice’ literature seeks to position police learning as a more dynamic style of learning which does not all flow from ‘master’ to ‘student’, but is based on an exchange of information and the social interaction of the actors involved.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
6, P., Bellamy, C., Raab, C., Warren, A., & Heeney, C. (2006). Institutional Shaping of Interagency Working: Managing Tensions Between Collaborative Working and Client Confidentiality. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 17, 405–434.
Alain, M., & Baril, C. (2005). Crime Prevention, Crime Repression, and Policing: Attitudes of Police Recruits Towards Their Role in Crime Control. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 29(2), 123–148. CrossRef
Alain, M., & Grégoire, M. (2008). Can Ethics Survive the Shock of the Job? Quebec’s Police Recruits Confront Reality. Policing and Society, 18(2), 169–189. CrossRef
Amin, A., & Roberts, J. (2008). Knowing in Action: Beyond Communities of Practice. Research Policy, 37, 353–369. CrossRef
Ashforth, B., & Saks, A. (1996). Socialization Tactics: Longitudinal Effects on Newcomer Adjustments. The Academy of Management Journal, 39(1), 149–178. CrossRef
Bahn, C. (1984). Police Socialization in the Eighties: Strains in the Forging of an Occupational Identity. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 12(4), 390–394.
Bardi, A., Buchanan, K., Goodwin, R., Slabu, L., & Robinson, M. (2014). Value Stability and Change During Self-Chosen Life Transitions: Self-Selection Versus Socialization Effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106(1), 131–147. CrossRef
Bennett, R. (1984). Becoming Blue: A Longitudinal Study of Police Recruit Occupational Socialization. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 12(1), 47–58.
Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Britz, M. (1997). The Police Subculture and Occupational Socialization: Exploring Individual and Demographic Characteristics. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 21(2), 127–146. CrossRef
Brown, L., & Willis, A. (1985). Authoritarianism in British Police Recruits: Importation, Socialization or Myth? Journal of Occupational Psychology, 58, 97–108. CrossRef
Burbeck, E., & Furnham, A. (1985). Police Officer Selection: A Critical Review of the Literature. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 13(1), 58–69.
Cable, D., & Parsons, C. (2001). Socialization Tactics and Person-Organization Fit. Personnel Psychology, 54(1), 1–23. CrossRef
Campbell, M. (2009). Learning in Early-Career Police: Coming into the Workplace. Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 10(1), 19–28.
Catlin, D., & Maupin, J. (2004). A Two Cohort Study of the Ethical Orientations of State Police Officers. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 27(3), 289–301. CrossRef
Chan, J. (2003). Fair Cop: Learning the Art of Policing. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. CrossRef
Chan, J. (2004). Using Pierre Bourdieu’s Framework for Understanding Police Culture. Droit et Société, 56–57, 327–347.
Chappell, A., & Lanza-Kaduce, L. (2009). Police Academy Socialization: Understanding the Lessons Learned in a Paramilitary-Bureaucratic Organization. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 39(2), 187–214. CrossRef
Christie, G., Petrie, S., & Timmins, P. (1996). The Effect of Police Education, Training and Socialisation on Conservative Attitudes. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 29(3), 299–314. CrossRef
Colman, A., & Gorman, L. (1982). Conservatism, Dogmatism, and Authoritarianism in British Police Officers. Sociology, 16(1), 1–11. CrossRef
Conti, N. (2006). Role Call: Preprofessional Socialization into Police Culture. Policing and Society, 16(3), 221–242. CrossRef
Conti, N. (2009). A Visigoth System: Shame, Honour, and Police Socialization. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 38(3), 409–432. CrossRef
Conti, N. (2011). Weak Links and Warrior Hearts: A Framework for Judging Self and Others in Police Training. Police Practice and Research, 12(5), 410–423. CrossRef
Daymon, C. (2000). Culture Formation in a New Television Station: A Multi-Perspective Analysis. British Journal of Management, 11(2), 121–135. CrossRef
Ellis, R. (1991). Perceptions, Attitudes and Beliefs of Police Recruits. Canadian Police College Journal, 15(2), 95–117.
Eraut, M. (2004). Informal Learning in the Workplace. Studies in Continuing Education, 26(2), 247–273. CrossRef
Fekjær, S. (2014). Police Students’ Social Background, Attitudes and Career Plans. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 37(3), 467–483. CrossRef
Fielding, N. (1984). Police Socialization and Police Competence. The British Journal of Sociology, 35(4), 568–590. CrossRef
Fielding, N. (1986). Evaluating the Role of Training in Police Socialization: A British Example. Journal of Community Psychology, 14(3), 319–330. CrossRef
Fielding, N. (1988a). Joining Forces: Police Training, Socialization, and Occupational Competence. London: Routledge.
Fielding, N. (1988b). Joining Forces: Police Training, Socialization, and Occupational Competence. London: Routledge.
Fielding, N., & Fielding, J. (1991). Police Attitudes to Crime and Punishment. British Journal of Criminology, 31(1), 39–53. CrossRef
Foley, P., Guarneri, C., & Kelly, M. (2008). Reasons for Choosing a Police Career: Changes over Two Decades. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 10(1), 2–8. CrossRef
Ford, R. (2003). Saying One Thing, Meaning Another: The Role of Parables in Police Training. Police Quarterly, 6(1), 84–110.
Fox, S. (2000). Communities of Practice, Foucault and Actor-Network Theory. Journal of Management Studies, 37(6), 853–868. CrossRef
Fuller, A. (2007). Critiquing Theories of Learning and Communities of Practice. In J. Hughes, N. Hewson, & L. Unwin (Eds.), Communities of Practice: Critical Perspectives (pp. 17–29). London: Routledge.
Fuller, A., & Unwin, L. (2003). Learning as Apprentices in the Contemporary UK Workplace: Creating and Managing Expansive and Restrictive Participation. Journal of Education and Work, 16(4), 407–426. CrossRef
Garner, R. (2005). Police Attitudes: The Impact of Experience After Training. Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice, 1(1), 56–70.
Goffman, E. (1959). The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday Anchor.
Gudjonsson, G., & Adlam, K. (1983). Personality Patterns of British Police Officers. Personality and Individual Differences, 4(5), 507–512. CrossRef
Haarr, R. (2005). Factors Affecting the Decision of Police Recruits to “Drop Out” of Police Work. Police Quarterly, 8(4), 431–453. CrossRef
Hazer, J., & Alvares, K. (1981). Police Work Values During Organizational Entry and Assimilation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 66(1), 12–18. CrossRef
Heslop, R. (2011). Community Engagement and Learning as ‘Becoming’: Findings from a Study of British Police Recruit Training. Policing and Society, 21(3), 327–342. CrossRef
Hodkinson, P., & Hodkinson, H. (2004). A Constructive Critique of Communities of Practice: Moving Beyond Lave and Wenger. Seminar paper presented at ‘Integrating Work and Learning – Contemporary Issues’ seminar series. Retrieved from http://hdl.voced.edu.au/10707/18014
Holmes, J., & Marra, M. (2002). Having a Laugh at Work: How Humour Contributes to Workplace Culture. Journal of Pragmatics, 34, 1683–1710. CrossRef
Holmes, J., & Meyerhoff, M. (1999). The Community of Practice: Theories and Methodologies in Language and Gender Research. Language in Society, 28, 173–183. CrossRef
Hopper, M. (1977). Becoming a Policeman: Socialization of Cadets in a Police Academy. Urban Life, 6(2), 149–170. CrossRef
Hughes, E. (1958). Men and Their Work. Glencoe: Free Press.
Hughes, J. (2007). Lost in Translation: Communities of Practice. In J. Hughes, N. Hewson, & L. Unwin (Eds.), Communities of Practice: Critical Perspectives (pp. 30–40). London: Routledge.
Jones, G. (1986). Socialization Tactics, Self-Efficacy, and Newcomers’ Adjustments to Organizations. The Academy of Management Journal, 29(2), 262–279. CrossRef
Karp, S., & Stenmark, H. (2011). Learning to Be a Police Officer. Tradition and Change in the Training and Professional Lives of Police Officers. Police Practice and Research, 12(1), 4–15. CrossRef
Kerosuo, H., & Engeström, Y. (2003). Boundary Crossing and Learning in Creation of New Work Practice. Journal of Workplace Learning, 15(7–8), 345–351. CrossRef
Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated Learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
McBarnet, D. (1981). Conviction: Law, the State and the Construction of Justice. London: Routledge. CrossRef
McNulty, E. (1994). Generating Common Sense Knowledge Among Police Officers. Symbolic Interaction, 17(3), 281–294. CrossRef
Merton, R. (1957). Social Theory and Social Structure. New York: Free Press.
Morrison, E. (1993). Newcomer Information Seeking: Exploring Types, Modes, Sources, and Outcomes. The Academy of Management Journal, 36(3), 557–589. CrossRef
Oberfield, Z. (2012). Socialization and Self-Selection: How Police Officers Develop Their Views About Using Force. Administration and Society, 44(6), 702–730. CrossRef
Obst, P., & Davey, J. (2003). Does the Police Academy Change Your Life? A Longitudinal Study of Changes in Socialising Behaviour of Police Recruits. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 5(1), 31–40. CrossRef
Paoline, E. (2001). Rethinking Police Culture: Officers’ Occupational Attitudes. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing.
Paoline, E., & Terrill, W. (2014). Police Culture: Adapting to the Strains of the Job. Durham: Carolina Academic Press. CrossRef
Reber, A. (1993). Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Roberts, J. (2006). Limits to Communities of Practice. Journal of Management Studies, 43(3), 623–639. CrossRef
Sato, M. (2003). Police Recruits’ Training and the Socialisation Process: From the Network Perspective. The Police Journal, 76, 289–303. CrossRef
Schein, E. (1968). Organisational Socialization and the Profession of Management. Industrial Management Review, 9, 1–16.
Schein, E. (1971). Organizational Socialization and the Profession of Management. Industrial Management Review, 2, 37–45.
Schneider, B. (1987). The People Make the Place. Personnel Psychology, 40(3), 437–453. CrossRef
Skolnick, J. (1966). Justice Without Trial: Law Enforcement in Democratic Society. New York: Wiley and Sons.
Sollund, R. (2008). Tough Cop-Soft Cop? The Impact of Motivations and Experiences on Police Officers’ Approaches to the Public. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 9(2), 119–140. CrossRef
Stradling, S., Crowe, G., & Tuohy, A. (1993). Changes in Self-Concept During Occupational Socialization of New Recruits to the Police. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 3(2), 131–147. CrossRef
Tajfel, H. (1978). Interindividual Behaviour and Intergroup Behaviour. In H. Tajfel (Ed.), Differentiation Between Social Groups: Studies in the Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations (pp. 27–60). London: Academic Press.
Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. (1986). The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Behaviour. In W. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), Psychology of Intergroup Relations (pp. 7–24). Chicago: Nelson Hall.
Tuohy, A., Wrenall, M., McQueen, R., & Stradling, S. (1993). Effect of Socialization Factors on Decisions to Prosecute: The Organizational Adaptation of Scottish Police Recruits. Law and Human Behaviour, 17(2), 167–181. CrossRef
Van Maanen, J. (1973). Observations on the Making of Policemen. Human Organization, 32(4), 407–418. CrossRef
Van Maanen, J. (1975). Police Socialization: A Longitudinal Examination of Job Attitudes in an Urban Police Department. Administrative Science Quarterly, 20(2), 207–228. CrossRef
Van Maanen, J. (1976). Breaking In: Socialization to Work. In R. Dubin (Ed.), Handbook of Work, Organization and Society (pp. 67–130). Chicago: Rand McNally College Publishing Company.
Van Maanen, J. (1978a). People Processing: Strategies of Organizational Socialization. Organizational Dynamics, Summer, 19–36.
Van Maanen, J. (1978b). Kinsmen in Repose: Occupational Perspectives of Patrolmen. In P. Manning & J. Van Maanen (Eds.), Police: A View from the Street (pp. 115–127). Santa Monica: Goodyear Publishing Company.
Van Maanen, J., & Schein, E. (1979). Toward a Theory of Organizational Socialization. In B. Staw (Ed.), Research in Organizational Behaviour (Vol. 1, pp. 209–264). Greenwich: JAI.
Waddington, P. (1999). Police (Canteen) Culture: An Appreciation. British Journal of Criminology, 39(2), 287–309. CrossRef
Weick, K. (1995). Sensemaking in Organizations. Thousand Oaks: Jossey-Bass.
Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Wortley, R., & Homel, R. (1995). Police Prejudice as a Function of Training and Outgroup Contact: A Longitudinal Investigation. Law and Human Behaviour, 19(3), 305–317. CrossRef
- Learning to Become a Police Officer: Police Socialisation