In Chiapas and in Northern Ireland, women were actors in the ideological re-creation of the community and in the transformation of its culture. Shifts in women’s ethnic and gender perceptions during conflict are interlinked with changes in the positioning of women toward the state, the community, and the family. However, in order to be widely accepted these shifts at the intersubjective level of identification need to be translated into objectified, social changes in demobilization processes. The opening of autonomous spaces for women to bridge boundaries and form alliances on shared interests has brought about transformations in both ethnic and gender identity, in Chiapas more than in Northern Ireland. This is evident in the visibility of shifts in women’s image from being “silent symbols of resistance” to being “vocal agents of change” and in the translation of these shifts in perception into changes in gendered power structures. Ethnonational mobilizations against unequal power structures provide a space for the formation of shared gender interests amongst women within a certain ethnic category.
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