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2023 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

22. Liberalization and Protectionism

verfasst von : Vasilii Erokhin, Gao Tianming, Jean Vasile Andrei

Erschienen in: Contemporary Macroeconomics

Verlag: Springer Nature Singapore

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Abstract

Each country establishes a balance between the economic development.

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Fußnoten
1
Hamilton (1791).
 
2
Baldwin (1969).
 
3
Bardhan (1971).
 
4
Metzler (1949).
 
5
Johnson (1953).
 
6
Bhagwati (1969).
 
7
Corden (1974).
 
8
Viner (1950).
 
9
Meade (1955).
 
10
Tinbergen (1957).
 
11
Lipsey (1960).
 
12
Vanek (1965).
 
13
Kemp and Wan (1976).
 
14
Wonnacott and Wonnacott (1981).
 
15
Meade (1955).
 
16
Lipsey and Lancaster (1956).
 
17
Hillman (1989).
 
18
Mitra (1999).
 
19
Maggi and Rodrigues-Clare (2007).
 
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Baldwin, R. (1969). The case against Infant Industry Protection. Journal of Political Economy, 77(3), 295–305. Baldwin, R. (1969). The case against Infant Industry Protection. Journal of Political Economy, 77(3), 295–305.
Zurück zum Zitat Bardhan, P. (1971). On optimum subsidy to a learning industry: An aspect of the theory of infant-industry protection. International Economic Review, 12(1), 54–70. Bardhan, P. (1971). On optimum subsidy to a learning industry: An aspect of the theory of infant-industry protection. International Economic Review, 12(1), 54–70.
Zurück zum Zitat Bhagwati, J. (1969). The generalized theory of distortions and welfare. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Bhagwati, J. (1969). The generalized theory of distortions and welfare. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Zurück zum Zitat Corden, W. M. (1974). Trade policy and economic welfare. Clarendon Press. Corden, W. M. (1974). Trade policy and economic welfare. Clarendon Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Hillman, A. (1989). The political economy of protection. Harwood Academic Publishers. Hillman, A. (1989). The political economy of protection. Harwood Academic Publishers.
Zurück zum Zitat Johnson, H. (1953). Optimum tariffs and retaliation. Review of Economic Studies, 21(2), 142–153. Johnson, H. (1953). Optimum tariffs and retaliation. Review of Economic Studies, 21(2), 142–153.
Zurück zum Zitat Kemp, M., & Wan, H. (1976). An elementary proposition concerning the formation of customs unions. Journal of International Economics, 6(1), 95–97. Kemp, M., & Wan, H. (1976). An elementary proposition concerning the formation of customs unions. Journal of International Economics, 6(1), 95–97.
Zurück zum Zitat Lipsey, R. (1960). The theory of customs unions: A general survey. Economic Journal, 70, 496–513. Lipsey, R. (1960). The theory of customs unions: A general survey. Economic Journal, 70, 496–513.
Zurück zum Zitat Lipsey, R., & Lancaster, K. (1956). The general theory of second best. Review of Economic Studies, 24(1), 11–32. Lipsey, R., & Lancaster, K. (1956). The general theory of second best. Review of Economic Studies, 24(1), 11–32.
Zurück zum Zitat Maggi, G., & Rodrigues-Clare, A. (2007). A political-economy theory of trade agreements. American Economic Review, 97(4), 1374–1406. Maggi, G., & Rodrigues-Clare, A. (2007). A political-economy theory of trade agreements. American Economic Review, 97(4), 1374–1406.
Zurück zum Zitat Meade, J. (1955a). The theory of customs unions. North-Holland Publishing. Meade, J. (1955a). The theory of customs unions. North-Holland Publishing.
Zurück zum Zitat Meade, J. (1955b). Trade and welfare. Oxford University Press. Meade, J. (1955b). Trade and welfare. Oxford University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Metzler, L. (1949). Tariffs, the terms of trade, and the distribution of national income. Journal of Political Economy, 57(1), 1–29. Metzler, L. (1949). Tariffs, the terms of trade, and the distribution of national income. Journal of Political Economy, 57(1), 1–29.
Zurück zum Zitat Mitra, D. (1999). Endogenous lobby formation and endogenous protection: A long-run model of trade policy determination. American Economic Review, 89, 1116–1134. Mitra, D. (1999). Endogenous lobby formation and endogenous protection: A long-run model of trade policy determination. American Economic Review, 89, 1116–1134.
Zurück zum Zitat Tinbergen, J. (1957). Customs unions: Influence of their size on their effect. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 113(3), 404–414. Tinbergen, J. (1957). Customs unions: Influence of their size on their effect. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 113(3), 404–414.
Zurück zum Zitat Vanek, J. (1965). General equilibrium of international discriminations. The case of customs unions. Harvard University Press. Vanek, J. (1965). General equilibrium of international discriminations. The case of customs unions. Harvard University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Viner, J. (1950). The customs union issue. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Viner, J. (1950). The customs union issue. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Zurück zum Zitat Wonnacott, P., & Wonnacott, R. (1981). Is unilateral tariff reduction preferable to a customs union? The curious case of the missing foreign tariffs. American Economic Review, 71(4), 704–714. Wonnacott, P., & Wonnacott, R. (1981). Is unilateral tariff reduction preferable to a customs union? The curious case of the missing foreign tariffs. American Economic Review, 71(4), 704–714.
Metadaten
Titel
Liberalization and Protectionism
verfasst von
Vasilii Erokhin
Gao Tianming
Jean Vasile Andrei
Copyright-Jahr
2023
Verlag
Springer Nature Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-9542-2_22