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09.06.2016 | Ausgabe 12/2016

Quality of Life Research 12/2016

Longitudinal assessment of health related quality of life of HIV infected patients treated for tuberculosis and HIV in a high burden setting

Zeitschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Ausgabe 12/2016
Autoren:
Thuli Mthiyane, Alex Pym, Keertan Dheda, Roxana Rustomjee, T. Reddy, Shamila Manie

Abstract

Introduction

Assessment of patients receiving treatment for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) using a Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) instrument is important to get the subjective view of the patients’ wellbeing.

Methods

We used the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) HRQoL instrument to collect perceived wellness information at baseline, month 3, 6 and 12 from patients enrolled in a pharmacokinetic study between March 2007 and April 2008. Composite domain scores at each time point and their relationship with the rate of adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events were compared between treatment arms.

Results

Out of the 82 patients enrolled, 76 were analysed. There was a significant increase in total score in all groups between baseline, month 3, 6 and 12 (all p values < 0.0001), and over time (p < 0.001). Adjusting for baseline total score, baseline CD4 count had a significant effect on the total score over time (p = 0.002) and the rate of change in total score over time, that is; interaction effect (p < 0.001). There was no difference in each domain scores between participants that received ART with TB treatment and those that received TB treatment only. Respiratory AEs had a significant effect on HRQoL.

Conclusion

We found that assessment of HRQoL of participants in TB–HIV treatment using the FAHI instrument was useful in evaluating treatment responses. It showed improvement consistent with decrease in adverse events and signs and symptoms of TB. Number and type of AEs was related to lower HRQoL in spite of TB cure.

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