The map is a universal medium of communication in the environmental sciences. Sometimes you may have to construct your own maps (see Chapter 9). Fortunately, this will be necessary only under special circumstances. For most purposes there are good quality maps already available. Government agencies in most countries in the world publish topographic maps of their territories and a wide range of specialized maps on geological, oceanographic, meteorological, agricultural and planning topics may be obtained for more developed areas. A facility with such maps is a necessary part of an environmental scientist’s training. In this chapter we shall set out some of the principles with which a map user should be familiar. Most of the principles will apply to all maps, however general or specialized their subject, but we shall spend the latter part of the chapter on geological and weather maps, which have their own conventions and are worth considering separately.
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R. M. Haynes
B. W. D. Yardley
T. D. Davies
- Springer Netherlands
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