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Über dieses Buch

This book sets out the basic materials science needed for understanding the plastic deformation of rocks and minerals. Although at atmospheric pressure or at relatively low environmental pressures, these materials tend to be brittle, that is, to fracture with little prior plastic deformation when non-hydrostatically stressed, they can undergo substantial permanent strain when stressed under environmental conditions of high confining pressure and high temperature, such as occur geologically in the Earth’s crust and upper mantle. Thus the plastic deformation of rocks and minerals is of fundamental interest in structural geology and geodynamics. In mountain-building processes and during convective stirring in the Earth’s mantle, rocks can undergo very large amounts of plastic flow, accompanied by substantial changes in microstructure. These changes in microstructure remain in the rocks as evidence of the past deformation history. There are a number of types of physical processes whereby rock and minerals can undergo deformation under geological conditions. The physics of these processes is set out in this book.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

2013 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 1. The Nature of Minerals and Rocks as Materials

Mervyn S. Paterson

2013 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 2. Thermodynamics

Mervyn S. Paterson

2013 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 3. Rate Processes

Mervyn S. Paterson

2013 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 4. Mechanical Fundamentals

Mervyn S. Paterson

2013 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 5. Deformation Mechanisms: Atomic Transfer Flow

Mervyn S. Paterson

2013 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 6. Deformation Mechanisms: Crystal Plasticity

Mervyn S. Paterson

2013 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Chapter 7. Deformation Mechanisms: Granular Flow

Mervyn S. Paterson

Backmatter

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