Part A of this handbook introduces the materials measurement system, proceeding from general to specific aspects:
The present chapter describes the basic elements of metrology, the system that allows measurements made in different laboratories to be confidently compared. As the aim of this chapter is to give an overview of the whole field, the development of metrology from its roots to the birth of the meter convention and metrology in the 21st century is given.
Chapter 2 deals with measurement strategy and quality and presents the elements required to make reliable measurements. This includes sampling, traceability, comparability, accuracy, measurement uncertainty, reference procedures, and human aspects in a laboratory.
Chapter 3 reviews the basic features of materials as a basis for the classification of the various methods used to characterize materials by analysis, measurement, testing, modeling, and simulation.
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