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Chapter 5 shows that rural minority migrants moving to urban areas in China and India are not always poor as is often believed. At times, they may be less poor than the local residents because they tend to be better educated and economically better-off at the time of migration. However, there are differences between the countries in some respects. For example, in China employers provide housing to migrants and the government subsidizes their cost of migration, whereas the Indian employers and the government do not. Remittances of migrants are far more important in raising living standards of Indian minority migrants (especially Muslims) than they are in China. In general, rural-to-urban migration tends to improve livelihood of minorities in both countries.
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- Minority Migrants
A. S. Bhalla
- Chapter 5
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