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Erschienen in: Photonic Network Communications 1/2021

13.10.2020 | Original Paper

Modeling and minimization of FWM effects in DWDM-based long-haul optical communication systems

verfasst von: Farman Ali, Fazal Muhammad, Usman Habib, Yousaf Khan, Muhammad Usman

Erschienen in: Photonic Network Communications | Ausgabe 1/2021

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Abstract

Optical communication systems (OCSs) mainly represent the backbone of modern long-haul communication networks because of low loss transmission over long distances and ultra-high capacity. However high data-rate transmission through optical fiber suffers from deterioration due to nonlinear impairments, such as four-wave mixing (FWM) in particular. At high launch power levels, which are required for the long-haul transmission over hundreds of km, these nonlinear effects become more severe which imposes a challenge to achieve satisfactory transmission performance. In this paper, a theoretical model for the FWM effects and its mitigation is presented and validated through simulation results. Moreover, two other nonlinear effects, polarization mode dispersion and nonlinear dispersion variations are also investigated for various values of launch power level. The transmission performance of the proposed OCS model is evaluated on the basis of bit error rate, optical signal-to-noise ratio and quality factor using different transmission channel parameters such as effective area, nonlinear refractive index, nonlinear dispersion, and linear dispersion.

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Fußnoten
1
The terms launch power and input power are used interchangeably in this paper.
 
2
3R means re-amplification, re-shaping, and re-timing of the signal at the Rx side.
 
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Metadaten
Titel
Modeling and minimization of FWM effects in DWDM-based long-haul optical communication systems
verfasst von
Farman Ali
Fazal Muhammad
Usman Habib
Yousaf Khan
Muhammad Usman
Publikationsdatum
13.10.2020
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Photonic Network Communications / Ausgabe 1/2021
Print ISSN: 1387-974X
Elektronische ISSN: 1572-8188
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11107-020-00913-9

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