For a large number of metal forming processes and impact applications, the loading conditions are so severe. Therefore, it is necessary to develop robust tools to predict structural response of metals under these loading conditions. In this paper, we propose a semi-empirical elastic-viscoplastic material model combined with a non-linear isotropic damage evolution law. The effect of strain hardening, strain-rate hardening, pressure and thermal softening have been incorporated in the response of material for a wide range of loading rates. Like in the mechanical threshold stress model, the flow stress is decomposed as the sum of an effective stress and a thermally-activated component. The proposed model is a semi-empirical description of the plastic deformation behaviour of ductile metals where some of the physical aspects are taken into account via the mechanical threshold stress and an Arrhenius type expression relating strain rate to activation energy and temperature. The damage evolution law is based on the theory of continuum damage mechanics by assuming the existence of new ductile damage dissipation potential. The models have been implemented in the form of a user material subroutine (VUMAT) in the commercial finite element code ABAQUS/Explicit. We simulated the high speed blanking process of thin copper sheets and uniaxial loading tests of copper. Results from our model are in a good agreement with the existing experimental results for stressstrain behaviour, damage evolution and blanking profile.
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- Modeling of ductile behavior of metals under a wide range of loading rates: semi-empirical approach
- Springer Netherlands
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