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18.08.2018 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 13/2018

Biodiversity and Conservation 13/2018

Multi-criteria spatial identification of carnivore conservation areas under data scarcity and conflict: a jaguar case study in Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia

Zeitschrift:
Biodiversity and Conservation > Ausgabe 13/2018
Autoren:
Diego A. Zárrate-Charry, Aimee L. Massey, José F. González-Maya, Matthew G. Betts
Wichtige Hinweise
Communicated by Stephen Garnett.

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10531-018-1605-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
This article belongs to the Topical Collection: Biodiversity protection and reserves.

Abstract

Human–wildlife conflict, habitat loss, and prey hunting are the main threats to carnivore species worldwide. Forest conversion as consequence of deforestation and agricultural expansion increases the proximity between carnivores and humans, thereby escalating conflicts. Knowledge about carnivore species in data-poor countries, such as Colombia, is scarce which has the potential to result in poor landscape planning decisions. For many species, the only existing spatial information resides in expert-driven approaches which result in coarse-resolution ‘extent-of-occurrence’ maps. There is an increasing need for the development of methodologies to identify conservation and management areas at appropriate scales. Multi-criteria approaches will allow the inclusion of diverse species attributes enabling environmental institutions to address complex landscape decisions that result in conservation and management of carnivore habitat. We present a multi-criteria spatial identification tool for conservation and management areas, focused on Jaguars (Panthera onca) in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, in northern Colombia. Our approach identifies areas based on the relationship between three spatial criteria: (1) suitable habitat patches, (2) habitat connectivity, and (3) zones of higher likelihood of human–jaguar conflict. We identified areas with the presence of at least one spatial criteria in 32% of the study area. Only 16.28% of these occur within protected areas (PAs) and the remaining fall on private lands (83.72%), either within (35.68%) or outside (48.04%) buffer zones of PAs. Our results highlight the need for multi-stakeholder collaborative approaches given that most proposed conservation areas fall on private rather than public lands.

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Zusatzmaterial
Online Resource 1 a) Cover types previously reported as jaguar habitat used to define suitable patches. b) References used to identify cover types reported as jaguar habitat. C) Reported home range of jaguar in similar landscapes from America. Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 29 kb)
10531_2018_1605_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx
Online Resource 2 Mean resistance values defined for each influencing variable for jaguar movement in Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 28 kb)
10531_2018_1605_MOESM2_ESM.docx
Online Resource 3 Detailed output of ecological niche model for jaguar in Sierra Nevada. Supplementary material 3 (DOCX 485 kb)
10531_2018_1605_MOESM3_ESM.docx
Online Resource 4 Detailed output of likelihood of occurrence of conflict model. Supplementary material 4 (DOCX 745 kb)
10531_2018_1605_MOESM4_ESM.docx
Online Resource 5 Conservation and management areas for jaguar by department, tenure and type in Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Supplementary material 5 (DOCX 25 kb)
10531_2018_1605_MOESM5_ESM.docx
Literatur
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