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Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) has proven to be a very effective technique for landslides monitoring, even if some critical issues exist for providing highly reliable results. This chapter presents the methodology adopted in performing four surveys, carried out over three years on a large slump landslide in order to get effectively comparable data. The first problem concerns the setting up of the reference system, which has been realized by means of global navigation satellite system permanent stations ETRF00 datum. This solution was able to maximize the stability over time even at the expense of a slightly lower precision, which was, however, in the order of 1–2 cm with data recorded during the whole duration of TLS survey. An assessment of geo-referencing accuracy was carried out with respect to the only stable artifact present in the landslide area. This check pointed out that in the central part of the point cloud the repeatability between different surveys was slightly greater than 5 cm. To ensure the quality of the obtained multitemporal digital terrain models (DTM’s) over the entire region of interest, the choice of the interpolation algorithm has been performed and verified with a cross-validation method on the basis of a sample extracted from the data set. To detect the kinematics of the landslide in its several parts, both the DTM’s and profiles have been used, which have proven to be particularly useful for the interpretation of details. After the localization of various landslide bodies (keeping into account slope and aspect maps derived from the DTM), the evaluation of the volumes mobilized over time has been carried out by differencing the DTM’s. This analysis has been separately carried out in the different parts on which the landslide bodies had been subdivided.
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- Multi-temporal Terrestrial Laser Scanning Survey of a Landslide
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