Modern applied dynamics is characterized by systems consisting of mechanical, electrical, hydraulical and biological components subject to control. For the modelling and design of controlled systems the method of multibody systems is most appropriate due to the comparatively low number of degrees of freedom. Therefore, the method of multibody systems is briefly introduced in the following.
Human locomotion is used as a typical example for a mechanical system controlled by redundant muscle actuators requiring optimization approaches for control design. The simulation techniques applied are based on inverse dynamics considering measurement results, too.