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2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

26. Multicriteria Site Prioritization for Land Rehabilitation in the Guapi-Macacu Watershed, Rio de Janeiro

verfasst von: Friederike Naegeli de Torres, Ronny Richter, Elaine Cristina Cardoso Fidalgo

Erschienen in: Strategies and Tools for a Sustainable Rural Rio de Janeiro

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Progressing land degradation is of increasing global concern because it deteriorates essential ecosystem features, functions, and services as observed in our study area in the highly fragmented Mata Atlântica biome, RJ, Brazil. The prioritization of sites for land rehabilitation is a frequent task for environmental managers and essential to develop urgently needed public policies. Hence, we present a GIS-based tool based on ecological principles for the selection of reforestation sites by integrating data on pasture degradation and landscape fragmentation. Thereby, the prioritized areas do not only represent opportunities for increasing forest cover and enhancing forest connectivity but also for reducing the area of degraded pastures. From our perspective, the inclusion of spatial information on degraded pastures is essential, since many of these areas have lost important ecological and economic function and should thus be prioritized for intervention. Data on degraded pastures and forest cover used in this study are derived from high- and medium-resolution satellite imagery. Other spatial data are derived from a digital elevation model (DEM) with 20 m resolution. The multicriteria analysis for the data integration was conducted using ESRI ArcGIS and the open-source software ILWIS.

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Metadaten
Titel
Multicriteria Site Prioritization for Land Rehabilitation in the Guapi-Macacu Watershed, Rio de Janeiro
verfasst von
Friederike Naegeli de Torres
Ronny Richter
Elaine Cristina Cardoso Fidalgo
Copyright-Jahr
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-89644-1_26