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05.12.2016 | Original Paper

Multidimensional polyaniline structures from micellar templates

verfasst von: Yong Ma, Hao Zhang, Chunping Hou, Mingtao Qiao, Yanhui Chen, Hepeng Zhang, Qiuyu Zhang

Erschienen in: Journal of Materials Science | Ausgabe 6/2017

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Abstract

Polyaniline (PANI) multidimensional (MD) structures (i.e., flowers, sheets, and plates) are successfully synthesized by adjusting the dosage of cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) in the range of 0.050–0.50 g in static HCl solution (0.010 M) at room temperature without stirring. CTAC micellar templates consisting of quaternary ammonium cations and binary persulfate anions direct the fabrication of PANI MD structures. On the basis of the employment of CTAC, the effect of pH value on PANI morphologies is investigated in detail, and followed by the obtainment of other PANI structures, including nanobelts, net-like structures, and particulates. Among the PANI MD structures, PANI sheets in micron size have good dispersibility and excellent processability, which are due to the synergistic effect of PANI’s suitable size and appropriate CTAC molecules. The results and strategies presented here provide opportunities to obtain good water dispersibility to conduct polymer structures with big size.

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Metadaten
Titel
Multidimensional polyaniline structures from micellar templates
verfasst von
Yong Ma
Hao Zhang
Chunping Hou
Mingtao Qiao
Yanhui Chen
Hepeng Zhang
Qiuyu Zhang
Publikationsdatum
05.12.2016
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Journal of Materials Science / Ausgabe 6/2017
Print ISSN: 0022-2461
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-4803
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-0550-z

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