Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Disclaimer: “The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the William J. Perry, Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies, the National Defense University, the Department of Defense, or the U.S, Government.”
Some seniors have medical conditions or lifestyles that put them at higher risk for certain diseases. With increasing age, the human immune system undergoes characteristic changes, termed immunosenescence, which lead to increased incidence and severity of infectious diseases and to insufficient protection following vaccination. One major health issue arising with age is the increasing prevalence and severity of some infectious diseases, which partly reflects the age-related decline in immune function. With the advancements of science and new knowledge regarding diseases, therapies, new drugs and vaccines and particularly new emphasis on wellness through prevention, humans are living longer. The increasing number of elders stresses the healthcare system by requiring more specialists to reach these individuals. On the other hand, new technologies such as wireless networks could give new possibilities for this increased demand by caring for these patients through the monitoring of vital parameters with wearable biomedical sensors, and give them the freedom to be mobile and still be under continuous monitoring, thereby bettering the quality of patient care while also addressing the issue of increased capacity that will be required by caregivers in both developed and developing nations. It is widely acknowledged that, by assisting senior citizens to look after their health at home, their independence can be maintained for longer, providing a higher quality of life for the retiree and lower care costs for the state and the family. A monitoring system could be used to measure several parameters indicating the physical status of the elderly patient. The introduction of such a system into the lives of the elderly can also offer reminders to take medicines, recommend vaccines and immunizations, dietary advice, immediate access to medical professionals and much more. It also reduces the need for visits to a local doctor. The current promising hardware/software platforms for wireless cardiac monitoring could include important measurements such as blood pressure and arterial pulse wave velocity, and have that information directly uploaded to the system.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Beard JR, Biggs S, Bloom DE, Fried LP, Hogan P, Kalache A, Olshansky SJ, editors. Global population ageing: peril or promise. Geneva: World Economic Forum; 2011.
Manning B, Kun L. Information highway to the home and back: a smart systems review. In: Bos L, Dumay A, Goldschmidt L, Verhenneman G, Yogesan K, editors. Handbook of digital home care. Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg; 2009. p. 5–31.
Reicherter EA, Revenda-Greene R. Wellness and health promotion educational applications for older adults in the community. Top Geriatr Rehabil. 2005;21(4):295–303. CrossRef
Atwood CS. Geriatrics. InTech: Rijeka; 2012.
Bia D, Zócalo Y, Armentano R, Laza S, Pérez H, Craiem D, et al. Non-invasive biomechanical evaluation of implanted human cryopreserved arterial homografts: comparison with pre-implanted cryografts and arteries from human donors and recipients. Ann Biomed Eng. 2009;37(7):1273–86. CrossRef
Stein JH, Korcarz CE, Hurst RT, Lonn E, Kendall CB, Mohler ER, et al. Use of carotid ultrasound to identify subclinical vascular disease and evaluate cardiovascular disease risk: a consensus statement from the American Society of Echocardiography Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Task Force. Endorsed by the Society for Vascular Medicine. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2008;21(2):93–111.
Santana DB, Zócalo YA, Ventura IF, Arrosa JF, Florio L, Lluberas R, et al. Health informatics design for assisted diagnosis of subclinical atherosclerosis, structural, and functional arterial age calculus and patient-specific cardiovascular risk evaluation. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2012;16(5):943–51.
Laurent S, Cockcroft J, Van Bortel L, Boutouyrie P, Giannattasio C, Hayoz D, et al. Expert consensus document on arterial stiffness: methodological issues and clinical applications. Eur Heart J. 2006;27(21):2588–605.
Nichols WW, O’Rourke M. Properties of the arterial wall: theory. Properties of the arterial wall: practice. In: Nichols WW, O’Rourke M, editors. Mc Donald’s blood flow in arteries: theoretical, experimental and clinical principles. London: Edward Arnold Publishers; 2005. p. 49–65. 67–93.
Weartech Gow. http://www.gowtrainer.com/.
TSB Technologies for health and well-being. http://www.tsbtecnologias.es.
“WHO | Obesity and overweight,” WHO. [Online]. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/.
NHLBI Obesity Education Initiative Expert Panel on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Obesity in Adults (US). Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults: the evidence report. Bethesda: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; 1998. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2003/.
Costi S, Crisafulli E, Antoni FD, Beneventi C, Fabbri LM, Clini EM. Effects of unsupported upper extremity exercise training in patients with COPD: a randomized clinical trial. Chest. 2009;136(2):387–95.
Harris JE, Eng JJ. Strength training improves upper-limb function in individuals with stroke: a meta-analysis. Stroke. 2010;41(1):136–40.
May U, Kötting C. Non-compliance als gesundheitspolitische nebenwirkung: demoskopie und problemanalyse am beispiel der rabattverträge. Pharm Ztg. 2010;6:86–90.
Hite M. Improving adherence in the polypharmacy management of disease. Online: http://www.touchhealthsciences.com/articles/improving-adherence-polypharmacy-management-disease.
- Multidisciplinary, holistic and patient specific approach to follow up elderly adults
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Neuer Inhalt/© ITandMEDIA, Best Practices für die Mitarbeiter-Partizipation in der Produktentwicklung/© astrosystem | stock.adobe.com