Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Body image dissatisfaction is a serious, global problem that negatively affects life satisfaction. Several claims have been made about the possible psychological benefits of naturist activities, but very little empirical research has investigated these benefits or any plausible explanations for them. In three studies—one large-scale, cross-sectional study (n = 849), and 2 prospective studies (n = 24, n = 100) this research developed and applied knowledge about the possible benefits of naturist activities. It was found that more participation in naturist activities predicted greater life satisfaction—a relationship that was mediated by more positive body image, and higher self-esteem (Study 1). Applying these findings, it was found that participation in actual naturist activities led to an increase in life satisfaction, an effect that was also mediated by improvements in body image and self-esteem (Studies 2 and 3). The potential benefits of naturism are discussed, as well as possible future research, and implications for the use of naturist activities.
Acun-Kapikiran, N., Korukcu, Ö., & Kapikiran, Ş. (2014). The relation of parental attitudes to life satisfaction and depression in early adolescents: The mediating role of self-esteem. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 14(4), 1246–1253. doi: 10.12738/estp.2014.4.2137.
Agliata, D., & Tantleff-Dunn, S. (2004). The impact of media exposure on males body image. Journal of Social and Clincical Psychology. doi: 10.1521/jscp.18.104.22.168988.
British Naturism: What is Naturism? (2015, October 09). Retrieved from http://www.bn.org.uk/aboutnaturism/
Carr-Gomm, P. (2012). A brief history of nakedness. London: Reaktion Books.
Cooper, D. (2011). Theorising nudist equality: An encounter between political fantasy and public appearance. Antipode, 43(2), 326–357. CrossRef
Deschenes, S. (2016, January 4). The official INF-FNI definition of naturism. Retrieved from http://www.inffni.org/content/download/28259/1110928/file/OfficialINF-FNIDefinitionOfNaturism.pdf
Dieleman, H. (2008). Sustainability art and reflexivity: Why artists and designers may become key change agents in sustainability. In S. Kagan & K. Kenison (Eds.), Sustainability: A new frontier for the arts and cultures (pp. 108–146). Vas.
Evans-Lacko, S., Malcolm, E., West, K., Rose, D., London, J., Rüsch, N., et al. (2013). Influence of Time to Change’s social marketing interventions on stigma in England 2009–2011. British Journal of Psychiatry, 202(SUPPL.55), s77–s88. CrossRef
Fryer, R. G., Jr., & Levitt, S. D. (2004). Understanding the Black–White test score gap in the first two years of school. Review of Economics and Statistics, 86, 447–464. CrossRef
Green, L. R. (2001). Hiding behind nakedness on the nude beach. Australian Journal of Communication, 28(3), 1–10.
Ipsos-Mori. (2011). 2011 Attitudes to Nudity Omnibus Research. London: Author.
Lewis, R. J., & Janda, L. H. (1988). The relationship between adult sexual adjustment and childhood experiences regarding exposure to nudity, sleeping in the parental bed, and parental attitudes toward sexuality. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 17(4), 349–362. CrossRef
Mason, K. (2015, May). Streakers set to strip off for naked wildlife park run. Doncaster Free Press, pp. 57–60. Retrieved from http://www.doncasterfreepress.co.uk/news/streakers-set-to-strip-off-for-naked-wildlife-park-run-1-7244405.
Molloy, B. L., & Herzberger, S. D. (1998). Body Image and self-esteem: A comparison of African-American and Caucasian women. Sex Roles, 38(7/8), 631–643. CrossRef
Negy, C. (2004). Therapy with dissimilar clients: Issues to consider along this road more traveled. In C. Negy (Ed.), Cross-cultural psychotherapy: Toward a critical understanding of diverse clients (pp. 3–22). Reno, NV: Bent Tree Press.
O’Reilley, C. (2015). It’s all good nudes: Get naked; how getting starkers can keep you healthy. The Sun, 1–21. Retrieved from http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/features/6615651/The-health-benefits-of-going-nude.html.
Okami, P. (1995). Childhood exposure to parental nudity, parent co-sleeping and “primal scenes”: A review of clinical opinion and empirical evidence. The Journal of Sex Research, 32(1), 51–63. CrossRef
Okami, P., Olmstead, R., Abramson, P. R., & Pendleton, L. (1998). Early childhood exposure to parental nudity and scenes of parental sexuality (’primal scenes’): An 18-year longitudinal study of outcome. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 27(4), 361–384. CrossRef
Oleinick, M. S., Bahn, A. K., Eisenberg, L., & Lilienfeld, A. M. (1966). Early socialization experiences and intrafamilial environment: A study of psychiatric outpatient and control group children. Archives of General Psychiatry, 15(4), 344–353. CrossRef
Paradise, A. W., & Kernis, M. H. (2002). Self-esteem and psychological well-being: Implications of fragile self-esteem. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 21(4), 345–361. CrossRef
Pucher, J., Buehler, R., & Seinen, M. (2011). Bicycling renaissance in North America? An update and re-appraisal of cycling trends and policies. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 45(6), 451–475. doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2011.03.001.
Re, D., Coetzee, V., & Xiao, D. (2011). Viewing heavy bodies enhances preferences for facial adiposity. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, 9(4), 295–308. CrossRef
Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. CrossRef
Sengupta, N. K., Osborne, D., Houkamau, C. A., Hoverd, W. J., Wilson, M. S., Greaves, L. M., et al. (2012). How much happiness does money buy? Income and subjective well-being in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 41(2), 21–34.
Smith, H. W. (1980). Does shedding one’s clothes imply shedding one’s culture? A cross-cultural test of nudism claims. International Review of Modern Sociology, 10, 255–268. doi: 10.1007/BF00987137.
Smith, D. C., & Sparks, W. (1986). The naked child: Growing up without shame. Los Angeles: Elysium Growth Press.
Story, M. D. (1984). Comparisons of body self-concept between social nudists and nonnudists. The Journal of Psychology: Interdiciplinary and Applied, 118(1), 99–112. CrossRef
Taschler, M., & West, K. (2016). Contact with counter-stereotypical women predicts less sexism, less rape myth acceptance, less intention to rape (in men) and less projected sexualisation of rape (in women). Sex Roles. doi: 10.1007/s11199-016-0679-x.
West, K., & Hewstone, M. (2012). Culture and contact in the promotion and reduction of anti-gay prejudice: Evidence from Jamaica and Britain. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(1), 44–66. CrossRef
West, K., Hewstone, M., & Lolliot, S. (2014). Intergroup contact and prejudice against people with schizophrenia. The Journal of Social Psychology, 154(3), 217–232. CrossRef
- Naked and Unashamed: Investigations and Applications of the Effects of Naturist Activities on Body Image, Self-Esteem, and Life Satisfaction
- Springer Netherlands
Entwicklung einer Supply-Strategie bei der Atotech Deutschland GmbH am Standort Feucht