Skip to main content
main-content

Über dieses Buch

This book introduces readers from diverse backgrounds to the principles underlying nanotechnology, from devices to systems, while also describing in detail how businesses can use nanotechnology to redesign their products and processes, in order to have a clear edge over their competition. The authors include 75 case studies, describing in a highly-accessible manner, real nanotechnology innovations from 15 different industrial sectors. For each case study, the technology or business challenges faced by the company are highlighted, the type of nanotechnology adopted is defined, and the eventual economic and social impact is described.
Introduces fundamentals of nanotechnology and its applications in a highly-accessible manner
Includes 75 case studies of commercializing nanotechnology from 15 industrial sectors, including Automotive, Consumer Electronics, and Renewable Energy
Enables nanotechnology experts to learn simple and important business concepts to facilitate the transfer of science to the market
Introduces business owners to various means to resolve industrial challenges using nanotechnologies

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction

Abstract
There is plenty of room at the bottom
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 2. Construction and Building Applications

Abstract
The construction industry is a particularly attractive industry for nanotechnology applications. Since it employs a diversity of building materials, nanomaterials can be employed to enhance the materials’ performances, durability, longevity and sustainability. The construction and building practice is detrimental to the environment in various aspects such as electricity consumption, landfill accumulation, unhealthy aesthetics and neighborhoods. This chapter shows how nanotechnology-based building materials are playing an important role in green architectural design and construction, which has become a growing trend in many countries. Nanomaterials could be integrated with cement, concrete, or windows to conserve energy, minimize electricity bills and sanitize the surrounding atmosphere. Nevertheless, the industry is still facing many hurdles towards the wide application of nanomaterials in a cost effective manner.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 3. Manufacturing Applications

Abstract
Manufacturing has proven to be one of the most important sectors in an economy because it allows the country to be self-sufficient. Through manufacturing, a country can rely less on imports and can earn foreign currencies from exporting its manufactured products. Because it is such a vital sector for a country’s development, intensive research and money have been invested in this sector to address its limitations as well as devise ways to help the manufacturing process be more productive and time-efficient. Nanotechnology proved to have great potential in the arena of monitoring and enhancing manufacturing processes. The role that can be played by nanotechnology is comprehensively discussed in this section.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 4. Clean Energy Applications

Abstract
Most energy sources that the world relies on are non-renewable sources that will be depleted in the very near future. Our energy consumption is rising at an exceptionally fast pace due to the increase in the world population coupled with the widespread urbanization noticed all over the globe. This necessitates new alternative methods of generating or conserving energy. How nanotechnology plays an important role in such a process will be discussed more in this section.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 5. Environment and Remediation Applications

Abstract
Environmental pollution is an increasingly alarming issue that has recently drawn a lot of attention. Pollution has resulted in the outbreak of a lot of diseases including cancers, Alzheimer’s, chronic lung allergies and numerous infectious diseases worldwide. It has resulted in the loss of a lot of ecosystems and in the depletion of biodiversity with the extinction of a great number of species of plants, insects and animals. Pollution has also resulted in the global warming effect with significant effects on the weather and worldwide climate. This has lead scientists to develop recycling, remediation and environment cleaning methods to help reduce such disastrous environmental effects. Since nanotechnology is a new and fascinating technology that offers small size, low cost and high efficiency, it has drawn attention to its potential usefulness in the fields of pollutant sensing, remediation, contaminant removals and recycling. Many companies have designed nanomaterials or nanotechnological processes that offer more efficient environmental solutions than conventional processes and have succeeded in reaching worldwide markets and undertaking global remediation projects.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 6. Automotive Applications

Abstract
The market for cars is rapidly growing: in 2008, it was forecasted to double by 2030. With the growth of the car industry, there are also growing negative impacts on the environment as cars are one of the main contributors to the globally rising carbon emissions. This chapter discusses how simple nanomaterials could improve the performances of car engines and at the same time conserve energy. Nanomaterials can be integrated into cars’ bodies, tires and engines or used in self-cleaning/self-healing coatings in car parts. The chapter further illustrates how several companies are investing hugely in research and development to add premium features to automobiles and at the same time gain bigger market shares in a market that is known to be highly competitive. The main challenges faced by car manufacturers from a different perspective and how nanotechnology helped them solve some of these challenges will also be tackled.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 7. Electronic Applications

Abstract
The nanotechnology era is an expression commonly used in the electronics industry to show how nanotechnology has revolutionized this industry and is continuously contributing to its growth. Nanotechnology transformed the computing industry by continuously developing faster and smaller chips. Moreover, nanomaterials could be integrated with many electronic appliances to induce them with improved and more unique properties. In this chapter, different applications of nanotechnology in electronics are being covered. The applications range from the complex specialized use of nanomaterials in nano robots that dig for oil to the simple use of antibacterial nanocoatings in order to coat the interiors of household machines. The chapter shows the potential of a variety of nanomaterials (Nanowires, Quantum dots, nanoparticles) in a variety of products and/or processes and discusses the barriers corporations faced during the development of their products and how they could tackle these limitations.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 8. Printing Applications

Abstract
It is astounding that an elaborate and new science such as nanotechnology can be involved in printing. The benefits of nanotechniques and nanomaterials have enabled major advancements in the printing capabilities of nowadays printers. It has definitely allowed for high resolution images that are of a wider color range than before but that the extent of it. How nanotechnology opened new doors in printing will be discussed in this section.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 9. Textile Applications

Abstract
The textiles industry serves many different segments in a diverse market. Because the market is mainly segmented to personal textiles (normal clothing including sports textiles), technical textiles (the textiles used by labor, firemen and military) and the fabrics used in households and automobiles. This chapter shows how nanomaterials could impart unique and innovative features to the fabrics used in different segments, for example self-cleaning, ultraviolet blockade, wrinkle resistant or even flame resistant. In addition, nanotechnology facilitated the integration of wearable electronics with textiles. Such wearable electronics could help patients monitor their medical conditions regularly or could enable sportsmen to monitor and improve their performances. Nanotechnology currently enjoys an excellent opportunity to penetrate the textiles market strongly because the high prices associated with the development and manufacture of a single nanofeature could be compensated by applying such feature in different segments in a massive market at the same time.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 10. Sports Equipment

Abstract
Nanotechnology greatly contributed to the growth of the sports market by making sports equipment more popular. This chapter shows how nanotechnology could add enhanced features to sports equipment by making it lighter and stronger. The chapter will further discuss how the sports equipment market is enjoying a unique privilege—that the consumers are athletes whether amateurs or professionals—over other markets. This privilege encouraged sports equipment manufacturers to invest in nano based equipment. Consumers are usually well educated and health-conscious, so they are willing to pay more for better performing equipment. Nanomaterials are to known to add unique features to sports equipment and many of the nano-enhanced equipment has granted better performances to athletes in worldwide competitions and in Olympic games. The latter case, however, is still under debate because nano-enhanced equipment is more expensive and not all athletes can afford it, meaning that not all athletes have equal opportunities in competitions.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 11. Nutraceutical Industry

Abstract
With the increased costs associated with diseases and their treatment, nutraceuticals are being increasingly adopted by different consumers. Nutraceuticals represent a certain class of dietary supplements that are able to achieve both health and medicinal benefits. However, some nutraceutical ingredients suffer from poor delivery, insolubility and undesired side effects. The introduction of nanotechnology within the nutraceutical industry allows it to overcome such problems. Thus, several nano-based nutraceutical products already exist in the market. Nevertheless, safety concerns have risen concerning such nano-based nutraceuticals because, as the material decreases to the nanoscale, its ability to diffuse into different parts of the body, including the blood brain barrier, increases. Thus, this necessitates the conducting of intensive safety studies for these products. It should be noted, however, that the lack of regulations concerning nano-based nutraceuticals has allowed easy entrance of different products into the market.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 12. Packaging Applications

Abstract
Nano-based packaging represents a fast growing segment within the packaging industry due to its ability to satisfy consumer needs as well as its ability to add and enhance multiple properties within the packaging systems. Such properties include improvement of the mechanical properties, antimicrobial properties, smart detection systems of spoilage and ripeness as well as improvement in the product stability. This has resulted in the introduction of different types of nano-based packaging materials in the market including bottles, storage bags and boxes, packaging films and aluminum foil. Among the main drivers behind the increase in nano-based packaging are product enhancement and the increase in the nano-trend within the packaging industry, thus forcing different packaging companies to invest in this area of research in order to be able to compete in such a growing market segment.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 13. Agricultural Applications

Abstract
Nanotechnology has been recently introduced to the agriculture sector with a few goals in mind. One of which is to introduce enhanced fertilizers with less loss in nutrients and pesticides and with decreased side effects to the environment and the surrounding tissues. Moreover, nano-based sensors could allow management and delivery of water, pesticides and fertilizers as well as soil analysis. Despite the different sectors of the agriculture industry that nanotechnology could have an impact on, nano-based agriculture products have weak presence in the market. This is attributed to the high cost of production as well as public concerns about the safety of using nano-based products in a sector that is directly connected to their daily consumption of food. Thus, further research is needed to decrease the costs of production as well as to establish sufficient safety studies concerning agricultural products.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 14. Cosmetic Applications

Abstract
Nanocosmetics represent a fast growing segment within the cosmetic industry. They are cosmetic products with nano-based structures included either as nano-inclusions or as delivery vehicles. Nanocosmetics exhibit enhanced properties compared to traditional cosmetics including improved skin hydration, improved skin penetration, enhanced stability and bioavailability. Major cosmetic companies like L’Oréal, Christian Dior and Estee Lauder are investing in nanocosmetic research as well as nano-patents. Different nanocosmetics have already made their way to the market in the form of sunscreens, makeup, lotions and shampoos. Enhanced properties of the nano-based products and keeping up with the nano-trend are among the main drivers behind the increase in nano-based cosmetics. Yet the safety of the nanocosmetics is one of the main barriers against its wide application. One of the main enablers, however, that allowed the introduction of large number of nanocosmetics till now is the absence of specific regulatory rules concerning nano-based cosmetics.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Chapter 15. Pharmaceutical Applications

Abstract
A large number of already existing drugs suffer from poor water solubility, burst release and unfavorable side effects due to un-targeted delivery. Implantation of nanotechnology in the drug industry allows overcoming these problems and introducing drugs with enhanced water solubility, sustained release and targeted delivery to the diseased site. Moreover, nanotechnology allows reformulation of several hundred billion dollars of unused drugs instead of spending billions of dollars in formulating new drugs. Currently, several nano-based drug formulations have made their way into the market. Science push, observed side effects of the original product and developing better formulations are among the major drivers behind developing nano-based drugs. Meanwhile, safety concerns, regulatory approvals and required expertise and infrastructure are among the major barriers against the introduction of new nano-based drug formulations.
Mohab Anis, Ghada AlTaher, Wesam Sarhan, Mona Elsemary

Backmatter

Weitere Informationen