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Über dieses Buch

The concept of National Systems of Innovation was introduced as a method to describe the various elements which contribute to innovation performance and their interaction. Most analyses refer to the description of the structures of specific countries, whereas the comparison of different countries generally fails due to the inconsistency of information sources or the lack of specific data. In this book, the innovation structures of a broad set of countries are compared on the basis of various indicators. In particular, the topics of public and private R+D and their internationalisation, of scientific and technological performance, of innovation activities in manufacturing and services, of foreign trade, of technology-based start-ups, and ICT infrastructure are examined in detail. A further relevant area of investigation is higher education and highly skilled employment, and finally trends in innovation policy are presented in an international comparison. The book documents major elements of the joint work of eight leading German institutes, elaborated in the context of a regular annual report on Germany's technological performance. It provides much more than the pure compilation of quantitative indicators for international benchmarking, but gives support to an appropriate interpretation of the referring results and suggests relevant conclusions for innovation policy. A special focus is on Germany; so the book also aims at non-German readers interested in specific features of the German innovation system.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Introduction and Summary

Frontmatter

1.1. Technological Performance – Concept and Practice

Without Abstract
Harald Legler, Christian Rammer, Ulrich Schmoch

The Origin of Knowledge: Research and Development

Frontmatter

2.1. R&D Activities in the German Business Sector

Without Abstract
Harald Legler, Christian Rammer, Christoph Grenzmann

2.2. The Global Distribution of R&D Activities

Without Abstract
Harald Legler, Olaf Krawczyk

2.3. Internationalisation of Industrial R&D

Without Abstract
Heike Belitz, Jakob Edler, Christoph Grenzmann

Performance Indicators of NSI

Frontmatter

3.1. Scientific Performance in an International Comparison

Without Abstract
Ulrich Schmoch

3.2. Technological Structures and Performance as Reflected by Patent Indicators

Without Abstract
Rainer Frietsch, Ulrich Schmoch

3.3. Innovation in Firms

Without Abstract
Christian Rammer

Structural Change and Performance of the NSI

Frontmatter

4.1. Economic Performance of Technology Sectors

Without Abstract
Dieter Schumacher

4.2. Technology-based Start-ups

Without Abstract
Christian Rammer

4.3. Diffusion of Information and Communication Technology

Without Abstract
Thomas Hempell

Education as a Base for NSI

Frontmatter

5.1. Education Structures and Highly Skilled Employment in Europe – A Comparison

Without Abstract
Rainer Frietsch, Birgit Gehrke

5.2. Challenges to the German Dual System

Without Abstract
Alexandra Uhly, Klaus Troltsch, Günter Walden

5.3. Higher Education Indicators

Without Abstract
Jürgen Egeln, Christoph Heine

5.4. Germany's Education System in an International Perspective – An Analysis in Relation to Innovation

Without Abstract
Dieter Dohmen

Policies for Improving NSI

Frontmatter

6.1. Trends in Innovation Policy: An International Comparison

Without Abstract
Christian Rammer

Annex

Frontmatter

7.1. References

Without Abstract

7.2. Abbreviations

Without Abstract

7.3. About the Authors

Without Abstract
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