This chapter examines models, issues and cases that can help to explain the nature and utility of negotiation approaches as preventive mechanisms in potential transboundary environmental conflict situations. It examines the various schools of thought that seek to explain the relationship between environmental problems and conflict. These models identify factors that are hypothesized to have the greatest impact on the emergence of conflict and, thus, how, when and where negotiation mechanisms might be used to best advantage to prevent the conflict from emerging. The chapter also turns to the preconditions for and processes of preventive negotiation — a reframing of the stakes, attitudes and tactics for preemptive problem-solving. The study examines various cases where negotiations were used to prevent the emergence of conflict concerning transboundary environmental problems. Various approaches to negotiation are addressed and their effect on early resolution of potential conflicts evaluated.
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- Negotiations to Avert Transboundary Environmental Security Conflicts
Bertram I. Spector
- Springer Netherlands
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen