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31.10.2017 | Research Paper | Ausgabe 1/2018

Acta Mechanica Sinica 1/2018

New true-triaxial rock strength criteria considering intrinsic material characteristics

Zeitschrift:
Acta Mechanica Sinica > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Qiang Zhang, Cheng Li, Xiaowei Quan, Yanning Wang, Liyuan Yu, Binsong Jiang

Abstract

A reasonable strength criterion should reflect the hydrostatic pressure effect, minimum principal stress effect, and intermediate principal stress effect. The former two effects can be described by the meridian curves, and the last one mainly depends on the Lode angle dependence function. Among three conventional strength criteria, i.e. Mohr–Coulomb (MC), Hoek–Brown (HB), and Exponent (EP) criteria, the difference between generalized compression and extension strength of EP criterion experience a firstly increase then decrease process, and tends to be zero when hydrostatic pressure is big enough. This is in accordance with intrinsic rock strength characterization. Moreover, the critical hydrostatic pressure \(I_\mathrm{c}\) corresponding to the maximum difference of between generalized compression and extension strength can be easily adjusted by minimum principal stress influence parameter K. So, the exponent function is a more reasonable meridian curves, which well reflects the hydrostatic pressure effect and is employed to describe the generalized compression and extension strength. Meanwhile, three Lode angle dependence functions of \(L_{{\mathrm{MN}}}\), \(L_{{\mathrm{WW}}}\), and \(L_{{\mathrm{YMH}}}\), which unconditionally satisfy the convexity and differential requirements, are employed to represent the intermediate principal stress effect. Realizing the actual strength surface should be located between the generalized compression and extension surface, new true-triaxial criteria are proposed by combining the two states of EP criterion by Lode angle dependence function with a same lode angle. The proposed new true-triaxial criteria have the same strength parameters as EP criterion. Finally, 14 groups of triaxial test data are employed to validate the proposed criteria. The results show that the three new true-triaxial exponent criteria, especially the Exponent Willam-Warnke criterion (EPWW) criterion, give much lower misfits, which illustrates that the EP criterion and \(L_{{\mathrm{WW}}}\) have more reasonable meridian and deviatoric function form, respectively. The proposed new true-triaxial strength criteria can provide theoretical foundation for stability analysis and optimization of support design of rock engineering.

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