When the scientist, industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel died in 1896, he made provision in his will for his fortune to be used for prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace. The Norwegian Nobel Committee awards the Nobel Peace Prize, and the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm (founded 1900; Mailing address: Box 5232, SE-10245, Stockholm, Sweden) awards the other four prizes plus the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (often referred to as the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences). The Prize Awarding Ceremony takes place on 10 Dec, the anniversary of Nobel’s death. The last ten recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize, worth 8m. Sw. kr. in 2015 (unchanged since 2012, although down from 10m. Sw. kr. for the previous 11 years), are:
2006 - Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank of Bangladesh for their efforts to create economic and social development from below.
2007 - the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Al Gore for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change.
2008 - Martti Ahtisaari (Finland) for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts.