Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Assessments of the influence of non-governmental organisations on the work of the Arctic Council (AC) have remained very much a blind spot in research on contemporary Arctic politics. To address this gap, this chapter compares the roles and impact of the World Wide Fund for Nature and the Circumpolar Conservation Union in the work of two of the AC’s subsidiary bodies: the Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response Working Group and the related Task Force on Arctic Marine Oil Pollution Prevention. The study finds that non-state actors have been able to influence problem formulation, agenda-setting and policy formulation processes in these bodies, but that their impact may vary according to their internal structure, their different standing in the negotiations and their general willingness and capacity to participate.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Arctic Council. (1996). Declaration on the Establishment of the Arctic Council. Ottawa, Canada, 19 September 1996.
Arctic Council. (2011). Agreement on Cooperation on Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue in the Arctic. Nuuk, Greenland, 12 May 2011.
Arctic Council. (2013a). Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution, Preparedness and Response in the Arctic. Kiruna, Sweden, 15 May 2013.
Arctic Council. (2013b). Arctic Council Observer Manual for Subsidiary Bodies as adopted by the Arctic Council at the 8th Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting. Kiruna, Sweden, 15 May 2013. Tromsø: Arctic Council Secretariat.
Arctic Council. (2013c). Arctic Council Rules of Procedure as revised by the Arctic Council at the 8th Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting. Kiruna, Sweden, 15 May 2013. Tromsø: Arctic Council Secretariat.
Arctic Council. (2014a). Arctic Council Task Force on Oil Pollution Prevention: Summary two-pager. 5th Meeting, Helsinki, Finland, 24–25 November 2014.
Arctic Council. (2014b). Arctic Council Task Force on Oil Pollution Prevention: Summary two-pager. 1st Meeting, Oslo, Norway, 16–17 January 2014.
Arctic Council. (2015a). Iqaluit Intervention by the Danish Foreign Minister. Arctic Council’s 9th Ministerial Meeting, Iqaluit, Canada, 24–25 April 2015.
Arctic Council. (2015b). Framework Plan for Cooperation on Prevention of Oil Pollution from Petroleum and Maritime Activities in the Marine Areas of the Arctic. Annex 3 to Senior Arctic Officials’ Report to Ministers, Iqaluit, Canada, 24 April 2015.
CCU. (2013). Report of the Circumpolar Conservation Union with respect to activities relevant to the Arctic Council. San Francisco, CA: Circumpolar Conservation Union (CCU).
Charron, A. (2014). Has the Arctic Council Become Too Big? International Relations and Security Network (ISN). Available online: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Articles/Detail/?id=182827 (last accessed 20 August 2015).
Duyck, S. (2012). Participation of Non–State Actors in Arctic Environmental Governance. Nordia Geographical Publications, 40(4), 99–110.
Duyck, S. (2015). Polar Environmental Governance and Nonstate Actors. In R. Pincus & S.H. Ali (Eds.), Diplomacy on Ice: Energy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic (pp. 13–40). New Haven and London: Yale University Press: 13–40.
Franz, W.E. (2000). Changing the Climate? Non-state Actors in International Environmental Politics. Harvard University: PhD Dissertation.
Graczyk, P., & Koivurova, T. (2014). A New Era in the Arctic Council’s External Relations? Broader Consequences of the Nuuk Observer Rules for Arctic Governance. Polar Record, 50(3), 225–236. CrossRef
Heininen, L. (2004). New External Political Structures in Northern Cooperation and Northern Governance: From Quantity to Quality. In T. Koivurova, T, Joona & R. Shnoro (Eds.), Arctic Governance (pp. 27–42). Rovaniemi: Oy Sevenprint Limited.
Heininen, L., & Southcott, C. (Eds.). (2010). Globalization and the Circumpolar North. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press.
Heyse, L. (2011). From Agenda Setting to Decision Making: Opening the Black Box of Non-Governmental Organizations. In B. Reinalda (Ed.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Non-State Actors (pp. 277–290). Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Kankaanpää, P., & Śmieszek, M. (Eds.). (2014). Assessments in Policy-Making: Case-Studies from the Arctic Council. Preparatory Action, Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment of Development of the Arctic. Rovaniemi: Arctic Centre, University of Lapland.
Kankaanpää, P., & Young, O.R. (2012). The Effectiveness of the Arctic Council. Polar Research, 31, 1–14. CrossRef
Koch, M. (2011). Non-State and State Actors in Global Governance. In B. Reinalada (Ed.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Non-State Actors (pp. 197–208). Farnham: Ashgate.
Koch, M. (2015). World Organizations – (Re-)Conceptualizing International Organizations. World Political Science, 11(1), 97–131. CrossRef
Koivurova, T., & VanderZwaag, D.L. (2007). The Arctic Council at 10 Years: Retrospect and Prospects. University of British Columbia Law Review, 40(1), 121–194.
Makki, M. (2012). Evaluating Arctic Dialogue: A Case Study of Stakeholder Relations for Sustainable Oil and Gas Development. Journal of Sustainable Development, 5(3), 34–45. CrossRef
Parker, B. (2015, April 23). The Arctic Council and Offshore Oil Pollution Prevention. Earthjustice. Available online: http://earthjustice.org/features/the-arctic-council-offshore-oil# (last accessed 20 August 2015).
WWF. (2015a, April 24). Good Arctic Council Plans need Nations to step up. WWF. Available online: http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/where_we_work/arctic/news/?245130 (last accessed 20 August 2015).
WWF. (2015b). WWF Statement for the 2015 Iqaluit Ministerial Meeting of the Arctic Council: Positions & Technical Recommendations.
Young, O.R. (2009). Whither the Arctic? Conflict or Cooperation in the Circumpolar North. Polar Record, 45(1), 73–82. CrossRef
Young, O.R. (2010). Arctic Governance – Pathways to the Future. Arctic Review on Law and Politics, 1(2), 164–185.
Zürn, M. (2010). Internationale Institutionen und nichtstaatliche Akteure in der Global Governance. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 34–35, 14–20.
- Non-State Actors in Arctic Council Governance
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
- Chapter 10
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Voraussetzungen für wirtschaftliche additive Fertigung/© Marco2811 | Fotolia