Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Norms and argumentation are two research areas which have been becoming increasingly connected over the last decade, in the legal field, in knowledge representation, ethics, or linguistics, and most recently, in agreement technologies in computer science. Norms are used to set the space of legal agreements (or commitments) and argumentation is used to choose among the possible agreements. Moreover, we may consider norms set not only the scope of possible legal agreements, but also the way we can choose among these possible agreements. We highlight the main open challenges in argumentation and norms considering two parallel problems: how to argue about norms, and how norms influence the argumentation.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Åqvist, L. 1967. Good samaritans, contrary-to-duty imperatives, and epistemic obligations. Nôus 1: 361–379.
Ashley, K.D. 1990. Modeling legal argument – reasoning with cases and hypotheticals, Artificial intelligence and legal reasoning. Cambridge: MIT.
Aucher, G., G. Boella, and L. van der Torre. 2010. Prescriptive and descriptive obligations in dynamic epistemic deontic logic. In AI approaches to the complexity of legal systems (AICOL 2009), LNAI, vol. 6237, 150–161. Berlin: Springer.
Barwise, J., and L.S. Moss. 1996. Vicious circles: On the mathematics of non-wellfounded phenomena. Stanford: CSLI. MATH
Bench-Capon, T., H. Prakken, and G. Sartor. 2010. Argumentation in legal reasoning, argumentation in artificial intelligence. Berlin: Springer.
Bex, F., H. Prakken, C. Reed, and D. Walton. 2003. Towards a formal account of reasoning about evidence: Argumentation schemes and generalisations. Artificial Intelligence Law 11(2–3): 125–165. CrossRef
Billhardt, H., R. Centeno, C.E. Cuesta, A. Fernández, R. Hermoso, R. Ortiz, S. Ossowski, J.S. Pérez-Sotelo, and M. Vasirani. 2011. Organisational structures in next-generation distributed systems: Towards a technology of agreement. Multiagent and Grid Systems 7(2–3): 109–125.
Bochman, A. 2005. Propositional argumentation and causal reasoning. In Proceedings of the nineteenth international joint conference on artificial intelligence (IJCAI 2005), Edinburgh, 388–393.
Boella, G., and L. van der Torre. 2003. BDI and BOID argumentation. In Proceedings of the third workshop on computational models of natural argument (CMNA 2003), Acapulco.
Boella, G., and L. van der Torre. 2004. The social delegation cycle. In Proceedings of the 7th international workshop on deontic logic in computer science (DEON 2004), Madeira, 29–42.
Boella, G., and L. Van der Torre. 2004. Regulative and constitutive norms in normative multiagent systems. In Proceedings of the ninth international conference on principles of knowledge representation and reasoning (KR 2004), Whistler, 255–266.
Boella, G., R. Damiano, J. Hulstijn, and L. van der Torre. 2006. ACL Semantics Between Social Commitments and Mental Attitudes. In Agent communication II, international workshops on agent communication (AC 2005), Lecture notes in computer science, vol. 3859, 30–44. Berlin: Springer.
Boella, G., G. Pigozzi, and L. van der Torre. 2009. Normative framework for normative system change. In Proceedings of the eighth international joint conference on autonomous agents and multiagent systems (AAMAS 2009), 169–176. New York: ACM.
Brandom, R. 1998. Making it explicit: Reasoning, representing, and discursive commitment. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Broersen, J., M. Dastani, J. Hulstijn, Z. Huang, and L. van der Torre. 2001. The BOID architecture: Conflicts between beliefs, obligations, intentions and desires. In Proceedings of the fifth international conference on autonomous agents (AAMAS 2001), Ann Arbor, 9–16.
Castañeda, H.N. 1988. Knowledge and epistemic obligation. Philosophical Perspectives 2: 211–233. CrossRef
Cuppens, F. 1993. A logical formalization of secrecy. In IEEE computer security foundations workshop (CSFW 1993). Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society.
Cuppens, F., and R. Demolombe. 1997. A modal logical framework for security policies. In Proceedings of the tenth international symposium on foundations of intelligent systems (ISMIS 1997), Charlotte, 579–589.
Daskalopulu, A., T. Dimitrakos, and T. Maibaum. 2002. Evidence-based electronic contract performance monitoring. Group Decision and Negotiation 11(6): 469–485. CrossRef
dos Santos, C.T., P. Quaresma, R. Vieira, and A. Isaac. 2009. Comparing argumentation frameworks for composite ontology matching. In Proceedings of the sixth international workshop on argumentation in multi-agent systems (ArgMAS 2009), Lecture notes in computer science, vol. 6057, 305–320. Berlin: Springer.
Fagin, R., J. Halpern, Y. Moses, and M. Vardi. 1995. Reasoning about knowledge. Cambridge: MIT. MATH
Farley, A.M., and K. Freeman. 1995. Burden of proof in legal argumentation. In Proceedings of the fifth international conference on artificial intelligence and law (ICAIL 1995), Edinburgh, 156–164.
Gelati, J., G. Governatori, A. Rotolo, and G. Sartor. 2004. Normative autonomy and normative co-ordination: Declarative power, representation, and mandate. Artificial Intelligence and Law 12(1–2): 53–81. CrossRef
Gordon, T.F. 1993. The pleadings game: Formalizing procedural justice. In Proceedings of the fourth international conference on artificial intelligence and law (ICAIL 1993), Amsterdam, 10–19.
Gordon, T.F. 1995. The pleadings game: An artificial intelligence model of procedural justice. New York: Springer.
Gordon, T.F., and D. Walton. 2009. Legal reasoning with argumentation schemes. In Proceedings of the twelfth international conference on artificial intelligence and law (ICAIL 2009), Barcelona, 137–146.
Gordon, T.F., and D. Walton. 2010. Proof burdens and standards, argumentation in artificial intelligence. Boston: Springer.
Governatori, G., and A. Rotolo. 2008. Changing Legal Systems: Abrogation and Annulment Part I: Revision of Defeasible Theories. In Proceedings of the ninth international conference on deontic logic in computer science (DEON 2008), Lecture notes in computer science, vol. 5076, 3–18. Berlin: Springer.
Haenni, R., B. Anrig, J. Kohlas, and N. Lehmann. 2001. A survey on probabilistic argumentation. In Proceedings of the sixth European conference on symbolic and quantitative approaches to reasoning with uncertainty, workshop: Adventures in argumentation, Boston, 19–25.
Horty, J. 1997. Nonmonotonic foundations for deontic logic. In Defeasible deontic logic, ed. D. Nute, 17–44. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic. CrossRef
Laera, L., I. Blacoe, V. Tamma, T.R. Payne, J. Euzenat, and T. Bench-Capon. 2007. Argumentation over Ontology Correspondences in MAS. In Proceedings of the sixth international joint conference on autonomous agents and multiagent systems (AAMAS 2007), Honolulu, 228.
Makinson, D.C. 1998. On a fundamental problem of deontic logic. In Norms, logics and information systems, New studies in deontic logic and computer science, ed. H. Prakken and P. McNamara, 29–54. Amsterdam: IOS.
McBurney, P., and S. Parsons. 2000. Risk agoras: Dialectical argumentation for scientific reasoning. In Proceedings of the sixteenth conference on uncertainty in artificial intelligence (UAI 2000), Stanford, 371–379.
Medellin-Gasque, R., K. Atkinson, P. McBurney, and T. Bench-Capon. 2011. Arguments over co-operative plans. In Proceedings of the first international workshop on the theory and applications of formal argumentation (TAFA 2011), Barcelona.
Modgil, S., and M. Luck. 2009. Argumentation in multi-agent systems. chap. Argumentation based resolution of conflicts between desires and normative goals, 19–36. Berlin: Springer.
Oren, N., M. Luck, and T.J. Norman. 2008. Argumentation for normative reasoning. In Proceedings of the symposium on behaviour regulation in multi-agent systems (BRMAS 2008) at AISB 2008, Aberdeen, 55–60.
Oren, N., M. Luck, S. Miles, and T.J. Norman. 2008. An Argumentation Inspired Heuristic for Resolving Normative Conflict. In Proceedings of the fifth workshop on coordination, organizations, institutions, and norms in agent systems (COIN@AAMAS-08), Toronto, 41–56.
Oren, N., M. Luck, and S. Miles. 2010. A model of normative power. In Proceedings of the ninth international conference on autonomous agents and multiagent systems (AAMAS 2010), Toronto, 815–822. IFAAMAS.
Pollock, J. 1995. Cognitive carpentry. Cambridge: MIT.
Prakken, H. 1993. A logical framework for modelling legal argument. In Proceedings of the fourth international conference on artificial intelligence and law (ICAIL 1993), Amsterdam, 1–9.
Prakken, H. 2005. AI & Law, logic and argument schemes. Argumentation 19(Special Issue on the Toulmin Model Today): 303–320.
Prakken, H., and G. Sartor. 1996. A dialectical model of assessing conflicting arguments in legal reasoning. Artificial Intelligence Law 4(3–4): 331–368. CrossRef
Prakken, H., and G. Sartor. 2002. The role of logic in computational models of legal argument: A critical survey. In Computational logic: Logic programming and beyond, 342–381. Berlin: Springer.
Prakken, H., and G. Sartor. 2004. The three faces of defeasibility in the law. Ratio Juris 17: 118–139. CrossRef
Prakken, H., and G. Sartor. 2008. A logical analysis of burdens of proof. In Legal evidence and proof: Statistics, stories, logic, ed. H. Kaptein. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Prakken, H., and G. Vreeswijk. 2002. Logics for defeasible argumentation. In Handbook of philosophical logic, vol. 4, 2nd ed, ed. D. Gabbay and F. Guenthner, 219–318. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
Prakken, H., C. Reed, and D. Walton. 2005. Dialogues about the burden of proof. In Proceedings of the tenth international conference on artificial intelligence and law (ICAIL 2005), Bologna, 115–124.
Rissland, E.L., D.B. Skalak, and M.T. Friedman. 1993. BankXX: A Program to Generate Argument Through Case-Base Research. In Proceedings of the fourth international conference on artificial intelligence and law (ICAIL 1993), 117–124.
Searle, J.R. 1997. The construction of social reality. New York: Free Press.
Sergot, M.J., F. Sadri, R.A. Kowalski, F. Kriwaczek, P. Hammond, and H.T. Cory. 1986. The british nationality act as a logic program. Communications of the ACM 29(5): 370–386. CrossRef
Stolpe, A. 2010. Norm-system revision: Theory and application. Artificial Intelligence Law 18(3): 247–283. CrossRef
Toniolo, A., T.J. Norman, and K. Sycara. 2011. Argumentation schemes for policy-driven planning. In Proceedings of the first international workshop on the theory and applications of formal argumentation (TAFA 2011), Barcelona.
van der Torre, L., and Y.H. Tan. 1999. Diagnosis and decision making in normative reasoning. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7: 51–67. CrossRef
Walton, D., and E. Krabbe. 1995. Commitment in dialogue: Basic concepts of interpersonal reasoning, SUNY series in logic and language. Albany: State University of New York Press.
- Norms and Argumentation
Leendert van der Torre
- Springer Netherlands
- Chapter 16
Neuer Inhalt/© Filograph | Getty Images | iStock