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In the United States and Canada, zoning is primarily a tool for the regulation of real-estate development and only secondarily an element of city planning. This is so historically speaking—zoning was adopted primarily as a means of controlling nuisances that could lessen property values—and it is so in contemporary planning practice. As a regulatory tool, zoning is necessarily a local affair; but as a planning tool, it must necessarily become a supra-municipal one. Historical and contemporary material from Canada and from the United States buttress a critical argument on the past, present and likely future of zoning in these countries.
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- North-American Zoning: Real-Estate Regulation—Past, Present and Future
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